Electricity services


Electricity supply in Ireland is privatised. This means you can choose which private company you want to supply your home with electricity. Suppliers offer a range of services and deals, including a variety of payment arrangements, to their customers. Many energy suppliers provide both electricity and gas.

ESB Networks (ESBN) is responsible for operating and maintaining the electricity network in Ireland. You need to contact ESBN if you are connecting to the electricity grid for the first time, or if you are disconnecting completely. You might also give meter readings to ESBN.

But in most cases, your day-to-day electricity needs will be met by your electricity supplier. This page explains how to connect to an electricity service, how the system works and what to do if something goes wrong.

The Commission for Regulation of Utilities (CRU) is the regulator of the electricity industry.

Once-off electricity credit in 2022

Domestic electricity customers, including pay as you go customers, will get a one-off, exceptional payment of €200 in 2022.

The payment will be automatic, and you do not need to apply for it. The €200 credit (including VAT) will be paid between April and June 2022.

Get more information about the €200 Electricity Account Credit. The CRU has a detailed Guidance document (pdf). You can read the FAQ section from page 16.

Other measures to reduce electricity costs

From 1 May 2022, the rate of VAT on gas and electricity bills will reduce from 13.5% to 9%. This reduced rate will be in place until the end of October 2022.

The Government also confirmed the ‘Public Service Obligation (PSO) levy’ on electricity bills will be reduced to zero later in 2022. The PSO levy is currently paid by all electricity customers to support the costs of renewable energy.

We will update this page when more information becomes available.

Getting connected

If you are moving into a property that has never been connected before, or one that has been disconnected for more than 2 years, you first need to apply to an electricity supplier for a domestic supply agreement. The CRU keeps a list of licensed energy suppliers.

When you have picked a supplier, contact ESBN and give the following information:

Your supplier will then contact ESBN to ask that your electricity connection is turned on. ESBN will also arrange for your meter to be installed. The builder's electrician will switch on the electricity supply in your home.

ESBN has more information about electricity connections for a new single house and electricity connections for new homes in a housing or apartment development.

The CRU has information on changing your energy supplier.

What if I move?

If you are leaving a property, contact your electricity supplier to let them know you are moving and give them a last meter reading so that they can send you a final bill.

When you are moving into a house that was previously occupied and still has an electricity connection, take a meter reading when you move in. Then, contact a service supplier to set up a new account. If you are renting, your landlord may have to contact the electricity supplier on your behalf.

If the house has been disconnected, you need to find out how long it has been disconnected. To do this, contact ESBN and provide your MPRN or meter number. If the disconnection has been:

  • Less than 6 months - You should register as a customer with an electricity supplier who will organise reconnection to the network with ESBN
  • Between 6 months and 2 years - You should register as a customer with an electricity supplier and arrange for a registered electrical contractor to check the wiring and provide a certificate of completion to their approved regulatory body. When ESBN has received a verified certificate your supplier can then arrange for reconnection.
  • More than 2 years – Apply to ESBN for a new connection

ESBN has more information about reconnecting electricity supply.

Will I need to pay a security deposit when I open a new account or move supplier?

Your electricity supplier is allowed to charge a deposit. Each supplier has its own deposit policy, which must be fair, transparent and reasonable. The deposit should be returned in the bill you get after your contract ends (your contracted period is usually 12 months). Your supplier should tell you if you are at risk of losing your deposit and describe the steps to take to improve your credit terms.

If you are on a low income and cannot afford to pay a deposit, check if you are eligible for assistance from your local INTREO office.

The CRU’s Electricity and gas supplier’s handbook (pdf) has more information about security deposits (at page 27).

Electricity meter reading

Your electricity meter measures the amount of electricity you use and the readings are used to calculate the amount you are charged by your electricity supplier.

An ESBN reader will call to the premises to record the amount of electricity used since the meter was last read. This is done 4 times a year. An estimated reading will be used for the other billing periods.

If the meter reader cannot get access to the meter, they will leave a card in the mailbox letting you know they were there and asking you to send in your own reading. You can also submit your meter reading directly to your supplier. If you do not submit a reading, an estimated reading will be used to calculate your next bill.

Meters are the property of ESBN and must not be interfered with in any way. Only authorised people are allowed to fix, connect, remove or carry out work on any meter, main fuse box, seal, electric line or other apparatus belonging to ESBN. It is against the law to tamper with your meter. Find out more about meter tampering.

The CRU has more information about electricity meter reading.

Smart meters

Since 2019, ESB Networks has been fitting homes and businesses with smart meters. Smart meters are the next generation of electricity meters and it is planned that all homes in Ireland will be fitted with smart meters by the end of 2024.

Smart meters will automatically communicate your electricity usage to your supplier, so there will be no more estimated bills. You will also have more information on your electricity usage than is available from current meters.

It is planned to replace the oldest meters with the new smart meters, however, you can contact your electricity supplier or ESBN to apply for a prioritised installation. There is no upfront charge to have a smart meter installed.

Read more about the National Smart Metering Programme (NSMP).

Understanding your bill

When you sign up to an electricity supplier, you should get regular and accurate bills. However, it can sometimes be difficult to understand the bill, in particular how the amount you owe is calculated.

Your supplier must include information about how it has calculated your bill. This includes the meter reading upon which the bill is based, the tariff category that applies and any levies that are being applied to the bill. CRU has more information about understanding electricity bills.

A bill is usually sent by your electricity supplier every 2 months. It should be clearly marked whether the meter read used to calculate your bill amount was:

  • A – an actual meter read by ESBN
  • C – a read submitted by you the customer
  • E – an estimated meter reading

Check your bill to make sure you are not getting too many estimated bills in a row as this could result in a large bill when an actual reading is taken. You can check your meter and submit your own reading at any time to ensure accurate billing. ESBN has information about how to submit an electricity meter reading.

Suppliers must give you a range of options for paying your bills (for example, by direct debit, paying online with your card or pay at shops displaying the Payzone logo). Contact your supplier to find out what option suits you.

Switching electricity supplier

If you are not happy with your current electricity supplier, you can switch supplier. Check if you are in a fixed term contract. If you are, you may be charged for switching to another supplier. As there are many suppliers to choose from, it is important to do your research to find the best option to suit your needs.

Before you switch:

  • Check your current bill to see what your usage is, the average amount you pay and how payment is taken
  • Find out when your contract with your current supplier ends
  • Use a price comparison website
  • Try to renegotiate with your current supplier
  • Make sure you have your MPRN number (located on your current bill) and an up-to-date meter reading for the new supplier

The new supplier will notify the old supplier that you will be changing over. The CRU has more information about switching supplier.

What if I change my mind?

If you switch to a new supplier but then change your mind, you can cancel the contract if you signed up less than 14 days ago over the phone, online or at your doorstep. This is called a ‘cooling-off’ period.

Find out more about your consumer rights.

What can I do if I am struggling to pay my bills?

If you are in arrears or having difficulties paying your electricity bills, you can:

Your electricity supply could be cut off if you do not pay your bills.

Alternative payments plans

The supplier may, with your agreement, arrange for an alternative payment plan to be put in place. Suppliers must help you if you are in genuine financial difficulty. They must make at least 4 attempts to contact you before they disconnect your electricity.

Vulnerable customers

Vulnerable customers who are registered as priority services customers cannot be disconnected.

Elderly vulnerable customers who have problems paying their bills cannot be disconnected during the winter months (November to March).

Social welfare assistance

If you are aged over 70, you can avail of the electricity allowance as part of the Household Benefits package. Some people under 70 may also qualify if they meet certain criteria.

The CRU has more information about disconnection and your rights.

What other protections do I have?

The CRU has a role to make sure energy customers are protected and to promote competition. It does this by putting in place a rulebook called the Supplier Handbook. This requires suppliers to have codes of practices in place setting out how they will deal with consumers. These codes cover the following areas:

  • Billing
  • Disconnections
  • Customer sign-up
  • Marketing and advertising
  • Complaints handling
  • Vulnerable customers
  • Pay-as-you-go (PAYG) and budget controllers
  • Non-domestic customers

Suppliers must have Customer Charters in place setting out:

  • Guaranteed service levels for customers
  • Compensation and refund arrangements when service quality levels are not met

Every supplier must publish its customer charter and codes on its website. Read more about the regulation of utilities.

How to make a complaint

If you have a problem, first contact either:

  • Your electricity supplier for issues around billing, account problems, marketing or advertising, or changing supplier, or
  • ESB Networks for problems including a faulty meter, connection costs, emergencies, outages, or connection delays

If you cannot sort out the problem informally, you can put your complaint in writing to either your supplier or the network provider.

If you are not satisfied with the response from the provider, you have the following options:

More information

CRU has more energy information in its dedicated customer information section.

Commission for Regulation of Utilities

Customer Care Team

P.O. Box 11934
Dublin 24
D24 PXW0

Tel: (01) 4000 800
Locall: 1890 404 404
Fax: (01) 4000 850

ESB Networks

Customer Relations
Leopardstown Road
Dublin 18

Page edited: 13 April 2022