Voting in a general election


This page explains what you need to do to make sure your vote counts on the day of a general election.

Your polling station (where you go to cast your vote) is on your polling card, which you should have received by post. If you did not get a polling card, you can find your polling station on your local authority’s website.

You do not need your polling card to vote.

However, you do need to bring identification.

Remember only Irish and British citizens who are resident in the State can vote in an Irish general election. You also need to be over 18 and registered to vote.

Identification when voting

You should bring identification with you even if you have a polling card. You can use the following documents to prove your identity:

  • A passport (either a passport card or passport book)
  • A driving licence
  • A workplace identity card (it must have a photograph)
  • A student identity card (it must have a photograph)
  • A travel document (it must have a photograph)
  • A Public Services Card
  • A bank or credit union account book with your name and address in the constituency

If you do not have any of the documents listed above, you can use one of the following, along with evidence of your address in the constituency:

  • A cheque book or card
  • A credit card
  • A birth or marriage certificate

If you are asked to prove your identity and you cannot do so, you may not be allowed to vote.

At the polling station

When you arrive at the polling station, you will be asked to state your name and address and should have your identification ready for inspection.

If the presiding officer is satisfied with your identity, and your name is on the Register of Electors, the presiding officer will stamp a ballot paper and give it to you.

You will then go into a voting compartment. The names of the candidates in the election appear in alphabetical order on the ballot paper along with an indication of their political party, if any.

A photograph of the candidate and/or a party emblem may also appear on the ballot paper.

It is a secret ballot, which means that if you take selfies or post pictures online that reveal who you, or someone else, voted for, you could be prosecuted.

Each candidate at a general election may be represented by a personation agent at the polling station. This person supervises the polling and helps prevent electoral offences.

However, on polling day, campaigning is forbidden, and posters must not be displayed within 50 metres of a polling station.

Casting your vote

You must indicate the order of your choice of candidates by writing “1” or “one” in the box beside the photograph of your first choice of candidate and, if you wish, “2” or “two” beside the photograph of your second choice of candidate, “3” or “three” beside the photograph of your third choice and so on.

This allows for your vote to be transferred from your first choice to your second choice if your number one candidate has been eliminated or already elected. You can read more about how proportional representation works.

If you want to vote for one candidate only, you should mark the number “1” or the word “one” in the box next to the candidate’s name. You should not tick or mark the box with an X.

Pencils will be provided at polling stations, but you can bring your own pen or pencil if you wish.

Once you have made your choice or choices, simply fold up the ballot paper and post it into the ballot box.

If you make a mistake on your ballot paper, the returning officer may give you another ballot paper. This is at the discretion of the returning officer.

If you have already posted your ballot in the ballot box, the returning officer cannot give you another ballot paper.

Spoiled votes

Ballot papers that cannot be counted are called spoiled votes. A ballot paper may be spoiled if:

  • The ballot paper was left blank
  • The voter ticked or otherwise marked their preferred candidate or candidates, rather than numbering them
  • The writing on the ballot paper could not be understood
  • The ballot paper did not have the number “1” or the word “one” next to any candidate
  • The ballot paper was not stamped by the returning officer
  • The voter wrote their name or identified themselves in some way
  • The order of preference was not clear (for example, the voter wrote “3” next to 2 different candidates)
  • The voter deliberately spoiled their paper as a protest

Voters with disabilities

There are several arrangements in place to enable people with disabilities to exercise their voting rights.

You can:

  • Vote at an alternative polling station if the local station is inaccessible
  • Be helped to vote at the polling station by a companion or the presiding officer
  • Vote using a ballot paper template if you have a visual impairment
  • Vote by post
  • Vote at a hospital, nursing home or similar institution if you live there

At least one of these facilities is available to you if you have a physical illness or disability, a visual impairment, or a reading or writing disability.

You can read more about facilities for voters with disabilities.

Page edited: 23 October 2023