Social insurance classes
People in employment pay contributions to the Social Insurance Fund. The contribution you pay depends on your earnings and occupation and therefore it is called a Pay Related Social Insurance (PRSI) contribution. Some people who have unearned income are also liable for PRSI. There are currently 11 different PRSI classes. They are A, B, C, D, E, H, J, K, M, S and P - see 'Further information' below. The social insurance payments to which you may become entitled depend on the PRSI class you are in.
Each PRSI class is in turn divided into different subclasses. These subclasses do not affect your entitlements under the social insurance system. They only relate to the amount of PRSI which you or your employer must pay.
PRSI is calculated on your reckonable pay. Reckonable pay is your gross pay including any notional pay (or benefit in kind,) if applicable. There is no PRSI relief for employers on pension contributions made by employees. There is some PRSI relief on pension contributions paid by employers.
A wide range of payments are available to people who have paid social insurance. If you are not a Class A contributor you are not entitled to the full range of social insurance payments. This is because you are paying less towards social insurance than a Class A contributor. In certain cases, if your income falls below a certain amount you do not have to pay a social insurance contribution, however, you will still be covered by social insurance because your employer must pay social insurance for you. More information is available in our document Paying social insurance.
PRSI contribution week
Your working week may not be the same as the PRSI contribution week. The PRSI contribution week starts on 1 January each year. Week one is the period from 1 January to 7 January, week two is from 8 January to 14 January and so on. For 2023, it started on Sunday and ended on Saturday. The contribution week can affect the social insurance cover of part-time workers and people job-sharing.
People getting COVID-19 payments – either the COVID-19 Pandemic Unemployment Payment or Revenue’s wage subsidy schemes (including the Temporary Wage Subsidy Scheme, the Employment Wage Subsidy Scheme and the Employer COVID-19 Refund Scheme) – will be awarded PRSI contributions at the class they were paying immediately before they were laid off, while they are getting the relevant payment or scheme.
PRSI classes and people insured in each class
Most people pay Class A PRSI. It applies to people in industrial, commercial and service type employment who are employed under a contract of service with a reckonable pay of €38 or more per week from employment. It also includes civil and public servants recruited from 6 April 1995.
Class A does not apply to people in insurable employment and over 66 years of age. They are insurable under Class J.
You can get more information about social insurance classes and the occupations covered by each class in 'Further information' below.
The amount of PRSI you and your employer pay will depend on your earnings and the class you are insured under.
Class A tapered credit
A weekly tapered PRSI credit of €12 is available for employees insured at Class A whose earnings are between €352.01 and €424 in a week. The maximum PRSI credit of €12 per week applies to gross weekly earnings of €352.01. A person earning €352.01 pays €14.08 PRSI (4%). After the €12 credit is deducted they will pay PRSI of €2.08. For people earning between €352.01 and €424, the credit of €12 is reduced by one-sixth of earnings over €352.01. There is no PRSI credit once earnings exceed €424.
If the wrong rate of PRSI is deducted from your wages you are entitled to a refund. There are a number of reasons why you might be paying the wrong PRSI rate.
To get a refund either you or your employer should contact the Refunds Section in the Department of Social Protection (DSP) - see 'Where to apply' below. You will be sent a refund application form to fill out. If you have paid too much PRSI you will get a refund and the Department will correct your social insurance record.
How to apply
If you are an employee, your employer deducts your PRSI contribution from your wages. Your employer then submits your contribution and their employer's contribution to the Revenue Commissioners. Your employer must also pay social insurance on your behalf.
If you are self-employed, you pay Class S social insurance. In this case, you pay your social insurance contributions directly to the Revenue Commissioners.
If you are a PAYE worker and have unearned income of over €5,000 you are a chargeable person and you must pay 4% PRSI under Revenue's self-assessment system (Pay and File). Revenue pay the money into the Social Insurance Fund. A record of the contributions you have paid is then sent to the DSP.
Where to apply
If there is a problem in deciding what class of social insurance you
should pay contact:
There are 11 different social insurance classes in Ireland. They are as follows:
Class A applies to people in industrial, commercial and service type employment who are employed under a contract of service with a reckonable pay of €38 or more per week from employment. It also includes civil and public servants recruited from 6 April 1995. In fact, most employees in Ireland pay PRSI Class A. People on CE schemes pay a special contribution at Class A8/A9.
Class J applies to people earning less than €38 per week. However, people aged over 66 or people in subsidiary employment are always insurable at Class J, no matter how much they earn. Subsidiary employment for Class J is for example, people who are insurable at Class B, C, D or H in their main employment. Only Occupational Injuries Benefit is covered by Class J social insurance.
Class E applies to ministers of religion employed by the Church of Ireland Representative Body. It covers all social insurance payments except Jobseeker's Benefit and Occupational Injuries Benefit.
Class B applies to civil servants and Gardaí recruited before 6 April 1995, and registered doctors and dentists employed in the Civil Service. It covers only a limited number of social insurance payments.
Class C applies to commissioned Army Officers and members of the Army Nursing service recruited before 6 April 1995. It covers only a limited number of social insurance benefits.
Class D applies to permanent and pensionable employees in the public service other than those mentioned in Classes B and C recruited before 6 April 1995. It covers only a limited number of social insurance payments.
Class H applies to NCOs and enlisted personnel of the Defence Forces. It covers all social insurance payments except Occupational Injuries Benefit.
Class K applies to public office holders with an income of over €5,200 a year. Public office holders with weekly income of €100 or less are recorded under Class M. Class K also applies to people who pay PRSI on unearned income. There are no social insurance payments for people insured under Class K.
Class M applies to employees with no liability to contribute to social insurance such as employees under 16 years of age and people with an income of €500 or less and insured in Class K. Class M covers certain contributors with Occupational Injuries Benefit.
Class S applies to self-employed people including certain company directors, people in business on their own account and people with income from investments and rents. It covers a limited number of social insurance payments.
Class P applies to sharefishermen or sharefisherwomen who are classified as self-employed and who are already paying PRSI under Class S. It covers them for limited Jobseeker's Benefit, limited Illness Benefit and Treatment Benefit.
If there is a problem in deciding what class of social insurance you should pay, the Scope Section in the DSP may decide the issue after examining your employment situation.
If there is a problem in deciding what class of social insurance you should pay, contact the Scope section in the DSP (see 'Where to apply' above)