Evidence

Overview Document Overview of the various types of evidence that can be introduced in a civil or criminal trial in Ireland.

Crime scenes
There are rules in Ireland about how the scene of a serious crime is preserved and investigated. Read about these rules and what happens if the crime scene is on private property or in a public place.

Real evidence
This document discusses real evidence, which is material, tangible evidence, such as an object, tape recording, computer printout, photograph or forensic evidence.

Documentary evidence
Documentary evidence in Ireland consists of anything with writing on it. What items would this include and how is this evidence admissable in court?

Identification evidence
Identification evidence includes evidence given by a victim or a witness that identifies the accused as the person who committed the crime. It also covers other ways of identifying suspects such as fingerprint evidence and DNA evidence.

DNA evidence
DNA evidence is often used in trials in Ireland to establish identity. Find out about DNA evidence, DNA testing and the DNA database.

Circumstantial evidence
Circumstantial evidence is evidence of facts from which conclusions can be drawn in a criminal trial in Ireland.

Suspect evidence
Suspect evidence is evidence that is admissable in court but often turns out to be untrue or incorrect.

Hearsay evidence
What is hearsay evidence? Why can this evidence not be introduced in court in most cases and what are the exceptions where hearsay evidence can be admitted?

Evidence that has been collected unlawfully
Evidence that has been collected in deliberate and conscious breach of your constitutional rights cannot be admitted in courts in Ireland.

Privileged evidence
There are certain circumstances under which you can refuse to disclose documents to a court in Ireland or may refuse to answer certain questions in court.