Testing for COVID-19


If you have symptoms of COVID-19, you should self-isolate and get a test.

To get a free test for COVID-19 you can:

If you don't have a GP, any GP can arrange a test for you. GP out-of-hours services can also arrange testing. Read about testing for children.

COVID-19 tests for the purpose of travel abroad are not provided in the public health system. Tests are available from commercial providers. Read more about private testing for COVID-19 and antigen testing.

Read about the restrictions and testing requirements that apply if you are travelling into Ireland.

Antigen testing

It is expected that COVID-19 antigen testing will be used for close contacts of a positive case who are fully vaccinated and do not have any symptoms. This page will be updated when more detail becomes available.

Who can get tested

If you are assessed by a GP and they decide you need to be tested for COVID-19, they can arrange a test for you.

HSE COVID-19 test centres

You can get a free test in a HSE COVID-19 test centre without a GP referral. You can book a time for your test online.

Tests are limited to one test per person. If you think you need a repeat test or you are worried about any symptoms of COVID-19, talk to a GP.

You can use the free testing service if you have not tested positive for COVID-19 in the last 9 months.

If you have tested positive for COVID-19 in the last 9 months, you should only get another test if you have symptoms of COVID-19.

Children under 16 must have an adult with them if they are getting a test. A parent or guardian must give consent for a child under 16 to have a test.

You must bring photo ID and provide a mobile phone number so you can be contacted with your test results. You will get your test result by text message. Airlines will not accept this for travel. If you need a letter for travel, you need to have a negative test from a private company.

Close contacts

If you are a close contact of a confirmed case of COVID-19 and you are not fully vaccinated or recovered from COVID-19 in the past 9 months, you need to get tested for COVID-19 and restrict your movements. GPs cannot arrange tests for close contacts. They can only arrange a test if you have symptoms of COVID-19.

If you are a close contact, you will get a text message with a link to book a test online. If you do not book a test online, the contact tracing team will ring you to arrange testing. Most close contacts will need 2 COVID-19 tests.

Read what you need to do if you are a close contact and fully vaccinated.

If you are a close contact, do not go to a walk-in test centre without an appointment. You can book a time for your test online.

A close contact can be if:

  • You had face-to-face contact within 2 metres of an infected person for more than 15 minutes
  • You live in the same house or accommodation as an infected person
  • You spent more than 2 hours in a closed space with an infected person, such as an office or a classroom

If you think you may be a close contact but have not been contacted, you can call the COVID-19 helpline and tell them you have been in close contact with someone who tested positive for COVID-19.

Read about contact tracing and how the COVID Tracker app works.

Tests for recent travellers to Ireland

Some passengers arriving into Ireland or transiting through an Irish port or airport must have a negative or ‘not detected’ COVID-19 Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR test) taken no more than 72 hours before your arrival. Children under 12 do not need a negative PCR test and there are some other exemptions.

If you travel to Ireland and are required to home quarantine, you can stop quarantining if you get a negative or not-detected PCR result for a test at least 5 days after you arrive.

You can book your day 5 RT-PCR test through the HSE test booking website. You can book this test up to 2 days before you arrive in Ireland. This test is free.

What to do if you have symptoms of COVID-19

If you think you might have COVID-19, you can:

If you phone a GP

Do not go to the GP clinic. If you do not have a GP, any GP can arrange a test for you. You can find a GP in your area.

Your GP will carry out an assessment over the phone. This assessment is free (including for non-medical card holders). If your GP thinks you need a COVID-19 test, they will arrange a free test for you. They may tell you to go to a HSE COVID-19 test centre.

You should self-isolate while waiting for your appointment. This means that you stay indoors and avoid contact with other people. The people in your household should restrict their movements.

The people in your household do not need to restrict their movements if they:

If your GP thinks that you do not need a test, you should stay at home until you have had no symptoms for 48 hours. But if you are a close contact of someone with COVID-19 you should restrict your movements for 14 days.

Getting a test at a HSE COVID-19 test centre

You can book a free COVID-19 test online to get a free test. You do not need a GP referral.

Getting tested

The test for COVID-19 is simple and usually takes about 15 minutes.

If you are medically unable to attend a test centre, you may be tested at home.

If you cannot drive yourself to a test centre, you can ask a family member or friend to drive you. Read about precautions you can take if someone is driving you to a test centre.

When you arrive at the test centre, a healthcare worker will:

  • Confirm your identity and contact details
  • Give you a face mask to wear
  • Explain what will happen next

If you are at a drive-thru test centre, you will be asked to stay in your car. A healthcare worker will come to the vehicle and do the test through the window.

The test

A healthcare worker will use a swab (similar to a long cotton bud) to take a sample from the back of your throat and nose. You may feel some discomfort during the swabbing, but it is not painful.

Children under 13 only need a nose swab. They do not need a throat swab.

The healthcare worker will send your sample to a lab where it will be tested for COVID-19.

Waiting for your results

You should continue to self-isolate while you are waiting for your results. If you were tested because you are a close contact and do not have symptoms, you should continue to restrict your movements.

You should also make a list of everyone you had close contact with in the 2 days before you developed symptoms (or the day before your test if you have no symptoms). If your results are positive, you will get your result by text message. This will include a link to a website where you can upload contact details for your close contacts. If you do not use the website, a contact tracer will ask you for their names and contact details.

Call the COVID-19 helpline if you are waiting more than 2 days (48 hours) for your results.

If you are offered regular testing because you work or live in a place where infection is more likely, this is called serial testing. If you are getting tested in this way, you can go to work or school as normal unless you get a positive result or develop symptoms.

Test results

Your test results will be sent to you by text message. If you have tested positive, you will get a follow-up phone call. The HSE website explains what your test results mean. Airlines will not accept this for travel.

If you had symptoms of COVID-19 and do not get a negative test result, you should continue to self-isolate until:

  • You have had no fever for 5 days and
  • It has been 10 days since you first developed symptoms (or 14 days if you are in long-term residential care or you recently left hospital after treatment for COVID-19)

If you had symptoms of COVID-19 and you get a negative test result, you should self-isolate until you have not had any symptoms for 48 hours.

If you have no symptoms but have tested positive, you should self-isolate for 10 days from the date of your test.

If you are a close contact of a person who tests positive and you are not fully vaccinated, you should restrict your movements for 14 days from when you were in contact with the person. You can stop restricting your movements if you have a negative test at least 10 days after your last contact and you do not have any symptoms.

If you recently came to Ireland, you should follow the advice on what you need to do if you travel to Ireland.

If the test results are for a child, read about COVID-19 testing for children.

Page edited: 19 October 2021