Public health measures for COVID-19
Measures and restrictions currently in place
The ‘Resilience and Recovery 2021: The Path Ahead’ plan covers the phased easing of COVID-19 restrictions in Ireland.
You should continue to follow public health advice to protect yourself and others, including advice on social distancing.
You can get more information on the easing of restrictions on our page: COVID-19 restrictions in Ireland.
Further easing of restrictions will take place in July and August.
The Government has published an Economic Recovery Plan to support the reopening of the Irish economy.
Measures in place now
You can travel outside your county.
You should work from home, unless your work is an essential service that cannot be done from home.
You can have visitors to your home from one other household.
Fully vaccinated people can meet indoors in private homes if there are no more than 3 households there. This can include unvaccinated people from 1 household if they are not at risk of severe illness. This provision is called the vaccine bonus. Some people who have had COVID-19 can also follow the vaccine bonus advice.
Restaurants and bars are open for outdoor service for groups of up to 6 people, and for takeaway service.
Indoor services, like restaurants and bars, in hotels, B+Bs, self-catering and hostels are open for overnight guests only.
Personal services such as hairdressers are open by appointment.
All retail and shops are open.
Outdoor training can take place in pods of up to 15. Outdoor sports matches can take place.
Gyms, leisure centres and pools can open for individual training. Swimming lessons and classes can take place. Parents or guardians can attend their child’s swimming lessons.
High performance athletics approved by Sport Ireland and training for adult inter-county GAA can take place.
Outdoor organised events can take place with up to 100 people in attendance. 200 people can attend events in venues with a capacity of 5,000 or more.
Cinemas, theatres, galleries, museums, libraries and other cultural attractions are open. Outdoor facilities such as golf courses, tennis courts, zoos, theme parks and heritage sites have reopened.
Property viewings can take place by appointment only.
Driver Theory Test Services are partially open.
Places of worship can have up to 50 people attend services. More than 50 people can attend if the premises is large enough for people to follow strict social distancing measures.
Wedding and funeral services can have up to 50 people attend. Weddings can have 25 guests at a reception or celebration. No events are allowed after a funeral service.
Residents in nursing homes can have up to 4 visits per week if at least 8 out of 10 residents have been fully vaccinated for 2 weeks. Residents of all other nursing homes can have 2 visits per week.
All construction work has resumed.
Easing of restrictions in July and August
From 5 July:
Subject to public health advice:
- Indoor services for pubs and restaurants will reopen
- You can have visitors indoors at home from up to 3 other households
- Up to 50 guests allowed at wedding receptions or celebrations
- First communions, confirmations and baptisms may take place
- Organised indoor events can recommence with up to 50 people at most venues in pods of up to 6
- 200 people can attend most organised outdoor events and 500 people can attend events in venues with a capacity of 5,000 or more
- Indoor training, exercise and dance activities can recommence in pods of up to 6
- Indoor activities such as bowling alleys, snooker halls and children’s play centres can reopen
From July 19:
- From 19 July, subject to public health advice, Ireland will operate the EU Digital COVID Certificate for travel within the EU and EEA.
Government advice is to avoid non-essential travel until 18 July 2021. Penalties for non essential travel are still in place. From 19 July, you can travel in accordance with public health guidelines and any restrictions in place.
Depending on public health advice, further lifting of restrictions will take place including:
- Increased numbers of people will be permitted at both indoor and outdoor events
- Maximum attendance at wedding receptions and celebrations will increase to 100
- Public transport will operate at full capacity
Under current restrictions, you can travel to any county in Ireland.
Accommodation services such as hotels, B+Bs, self-catering and hostels are open, with indoor services for overnight guests only.
You must only travel abroad if it is essential to do so. Some of the permitted reasons for travelling abroad are set out in Statutory Instrument 217 of 2021 (pdf). Other reasonable excuses that are not on this list may be accepted. You should bring evidence of the reasons for your travel.
You can get a fixed payment notice for €2,000 for unnecessary travel abroad or be at risk of court prosecution.
By law, you must quarantine when you arrive into Ireland, unless your journey starts in Northern Ireland. If you arrive from a designated country without being fully vaccinated, or do not have a negative or not detected RT-PCR test as required, you have to quarantine in a designated hotel.
On 20 March 2020, the Health (Preservation and Protection and Other Emergency Measures in the Public Interest) Act 2020 was signed into law.
This was extended until at least 9 November 2021 by the Health and Criminal Justice (Covid-19) (Amendment) Act 2021.
The Act gives the Minister for Health the power to make regulations to introduce measures to slow down the spread of the virus.
Under this Act, the Minster can make regulations to:
- Restrict travel to and from Ireland
- Restrict travel within Ireland to stop people moving to and from affected areas
- Stop gatherings of people from taking place, and to make organisers of these gatherings put safeguards in place to prevent the virus from spreading
- Make businesses (such as shops) put safeguards in place to protect their staff and customers
- Close premises, including schools
Laws in place now
The Government continues to issue guidance to help prevent the spread of COVID-19. It has also passed laws that make it an offence to do or not do certain things.
Current restrictions are set out in the Health Act 1947 (Section 31A - Temporary Restrictions) (Covid-19) (No. 2) Regulations 2021 (pdf), as amended by Statutory Instrument 267 of 2021 (pdf). The amendment sets out the easing of restrictions on events, business and services and applies until 5 July 2021.
By law, you cannot host or attend an indoor event in a private home unless it is just for the residents and up to 2 other households.
You can hold outdoor events at your home with restrictions on numbers. An outdoor event can have:
- 6 people or less (from any number of households)
- 15 people or less (from your own household and two other households)
It is an offence not to comply with the above rules and you can get a fixed penalty notice or be prosecuted.
Gardaí have the power under the Health (Amendment) Act 2020 to attend at the entrance of any private home where they believe an unlawful gathering is happening and direct any non-residents to leave it or direct those approaching not to attend.
The following laws apply until 9 November 2021:
- You must wear a face covering on public transport unless you have a reasonable excuse for not doing so. This is set out in the Health Act 1947 (Section 31A – Temporary Restrictions) (COVID-19) (Face Coverings on Public Transport) Regulations 2020. Statutory Instrument 569 of 2020 (pdf) requires face coverings in taxis and in bus and rail stations.
- You must wear a face covering in shops and other premises that are listed in the regulations, unless you have a reasonable excuse for not doing so. This is set out in Health Act 1947 (Section 31A - Temporary Restrictions) (COVID-19) (Face Coverings in Certain Premises and Businesses) Regulations 2020.
The above regulations have been extended until at least 9 November 2021 by Statutory Instrument 273 of 2021 (pdf).
International travel during COVID-19
You can receive a fixed payment notice for €2,000 for unnecessary travel abroad or be at risk of court prosecution. Some of the permitted reasons for travelling abroad are set out in section 4 of Statutory Instrument 217 of 2021 (pdf). Other reasonable excuses that are not on this list may be accepted. You should bring evidence of the reasons for your travel.
You must complete a Passenger Locator Form on or before your arrival in Ireland and tell the authorities if your residence details change within 14 days. This is set out in the Health Act 1947 (Section 31A – Temporary Requirements) (COVID-19 Passenger Locator Form) Regulations 2021.
You must have proof of a negative or not detected COVID-19 test (RT-PCR) when you arrive in Ireland from anywhere other than Northern Ireland, unless you are in an exempted category. The test must have been taken no more than 72 hours before you arrived.
You must quarantine when you arrive into Ireland, unless your journey starts in Northern Ireland. If you arrive from a designated country without being fully vaccinated, or do not have a negative or not detected RT-PCR test as required, you have to quarantine in a designated hotel.
It is an offence if you do not follow the hotel quarantine laws or obstruct a designated official or a member of An Garda Síochána seeking to enforce these hotel quarantine laws. You can be fined up to €2,000 or be sentenced to imprisonment for up to a month or both.
These provisions are set out in the Health (Amendment) Act 2021(pdf).
Most arrivals to Ireland must quarantine at home or in their place of residence. If you do not quarantine at home or in your place of residence, you can be fined up to €5,000 or face 6 months in prison, or both. There are very limited exceptions where you do not have to complete home quarantine.
Home quarantine regulations are set out in Statutory Instrument 135 of 2021, as amended, which applies until 19 July 2021.
Detentions and fines
During COVID-19, various regulations give An Garda Síochána additional powers, including arrest without warrant.
Offences are punishable by a fine of up to €5,000, up to six months imprisonment, or a combination of both.
Fines and fixed penalty notices
For certain offences, you can be fined a fixed amount. A Garda can give you a fixed penalty notice. If you do not pay it within 28 days, you can be prosecuted in court.
A Garda can issue the following fixed penalties under the Health Act 1947 (Fixed Payment Notice and Dwelling Event Provisions) (COVID-19) (No.2) Regulations 2021, as amended:
|Not wearing a face covering on public transport, without a reasonable excuse||€80|
|Not wearing a face covering in a retail outlet, or other specified premises, without a reasonable excuse||€80|
|Attending an unlawful social or recreational gathering in a home||€150|
|Organising an unlawful social or recreational gathering in a home||€500|
|Organising a prohibited event that is not in a home||€500|
|Travelling to a port or airport without a reasonable excuse||€2000|
Detention due to health risk
The Health (Preservation and Protection and Other Emergency Measures in the Public Interest) Act 2020 also allows for detention of someone who is a potential source of infection and risk to public health, if it is necessary to slow the spread of COVID-19.
You may be detained if you refuse to stay in a specified place like your home or a hospital, or you cannot be isolated in any other way.
If you are detained, you will be tested as soon as possible and you can ask for a review of your detention by an independent person on the grounds you are not a source of infection. Failure to comply with a detention, or interfering with the detention of a person is a criminal offence.
Measures to delay the spread of the virus taken on 12 March 2020 included closing schools, colleges, childcare facilities and state-run cultural institutions. Hospital visits were restricted. Pubs were advised to close. These measures were extended, along with further measures announced on 24 March 2020.
The Government announced the Roadmap for reopening society and business (pdf) on 1 May 2020.
On 2 September 2020, the Resilience and Recovery 2020–2021: Plan for Living with COVID-19 (pdf) was published. This included a plan to manage COVID-19 using different levels.
On 23 February 2021, a revised plan to manage COVID-19 was published called Resilience and Recovery: The Path Ahead (pdf). A re-opening plan for May and June was announced on 29 April 2021. A further easing of restrictions for June, July and August was announced on 28 May 2021.