Employment laws in Ireland
Information about your job
The Terms of Employment (Information) Acts 1994–2014 says employers must give employees certain information about their employment, such as a contract of employment, a job description, rate of pay and hours of work.
The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) 2018 gives you much more control over your personal data. It also sets out the responsibilities of companies who control and process your data.
The Employment (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2018 bans zero-hour contracts in most situations. It also provides for minimum payments and banded hours. The Act states that employers must give employees information on the core terms of employment within 5 days of starting work. The rules were updated by the European Union (Transparent and Predictable Working Conditions) Regulations 2022.
Young people at work
Terms and conditions of employment
The Payment of Wages Act 1991 gives employees the right to a pay slip showing their gross wages (total pay before deductions) and details of any deductions. The Payment of Wages (Amendment) (Tips and Gratuities) Act 2022 sets out rules about how employers share tips, gratuities and service charges amongst employees. It makes it illegal to use tips or gratuities to make up basic wages.
The Minimum Notice and Terms of Employment Acts 1973–2005 set out the amount of notice you are entitled to before the termination of employment.
The Industrial Relations (Amendment) Act 2015 provides a framework for workers looking to improve their terms and conditions of employment where collective bargaining is not recognised by their employer. The Act also provides for Registered Employment Agreements (REAs) and Sectoral Employment Orders (SEOs).
Working hours, annual leave and holiday leave
The Organisation of Working Time (Records) (Prescribed Form and Exemptions) Regulations 2001 require employers to keep records of:
Statutory leave is the minimum amount of paid leave from work that you are legally entitled to. There are different types of statutory leave, including:
The Family Leave and Miscellaneous Provisions Act 2021 allows adoptive couples to choose who should take adoptive leave and benefit. The parent who does not get adoptive leave is entitled to paternity leave.
The Parental Leave Acts 1998 -2019 provide for a period of unpaid parental leave for parents to care for their children. The Acts also provide for a limited right to paid leave in circumstances of serious family illness (known as ‘force majeure’).
The Work Life Balance and Miscellaneous Provisions Act 2023, amends the Parental Leave Act. It provides for 5 days unpaid leave for carers and parents to provide care or support for a serious medical reason.
The Family Leave and Miscellaneous Provisions Act 2021 amends the Parent’s Leave and Benefit Act 2019. It provides for 7 weeks of paid parent’s leave for a child born or adopted on or after 1 July 2022, a child who is under the age of 2 on 1 July 2022 or an adopted child who has been placed with the family less than 2 years on 1 July 2022.
It aims to let working parents spend more time with their baby or adopted child during the first 2 years.
It was announced in Budget 2024 that Parent’s leave will be extended by 2 weeks to 9 weeks from August 2024.
The Sick Leave Act 2022 commenced on 1 January 2023. Employees have a legal right to paid sick leave for up to 5 days per year in 2024 (increased from 3 days in 2023). The rate of payment for statutory sick leave is 70% of normal wages, up to a maximum of €110 per day.
Domestic violence leave:
The Work Life Balance and Miscellaneous Provisions Act 2023 provides for 5 days’ paid domestic violence leave for employees who need to take time off work if they are experiencing domestic violence and abuse. There is no minimum service required to qualify. The leave can be taken if the employee is directly experiencing domestic violence and abuse, or if they are supporting a ‘relevant person’.
Safety at work
Safety, Health and Welfare at Work Act 2005 (as amended) replaced the provisions of the Safety, Health and Welfare Act 1989. It consolidates and updates the existing health and safety law. Changes include the provision for higher fines for breaches of safety legislation.
Equality in the workplace
The Employment Equality Acts 1998–2015 ban discrimination in a range of areas, including gender, civil status, family status, age, race, religion, disability, sexual orientation and membership of the Traveller community. The Acts also place an obligation on employers to prevent harassment in the workplace.
The Equality (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2015 makes significant amendments to the Employment Equality Act 1998 in the areas of:
- Retirement and age discrimination
- Discrimination by religious, medical and educational institutions on religious grounds
- Indirect discrimination
Part-time, fixed-term, agency, and self-employed workers
The Protection of Employees (Part-Time Work) Act 2001 prevents discrimination against part-time workers. It aims to improve the quality of part-time work, to facilitate the development of part-time work on a voluntary basis and to contribute to the flexible organisation of working time that takes account of the needs of employers and workers. It guarantees that part-time workers are not treated less favourably than full-time workers.
Fixed term employees
The Protection of Employees (Fixed Term Work) Act 2003 protects fixed-term employees by ensuring they cannot be treated less favourably than comparable permanent workers, and that employers cannot continually renew fixed term contracts. Under the Act, employees can only work on one or more fixed term contracts for a continuous period of 4 years. After this, the employee is considered to have a contract of indefinite duration (e.g. a permanent contract).
The Protection of Employment (Temporary Agency Work) Act 2012 provides that all temporary agency workers must be treated equally (as if they had been directly recruited by the hirer) in respect of the duration of working time, rest periods, night work, annual leave, public holidays and pay.
The Code of Practice for Determining Employment or Self-employment Status of Individuals 2021(pdf) provides criteria which can be used to clarify whether a person is employed or self-employed.
The Protected Disclosures Act 2014 protects employees from penalisation if they make a disclosure about wrongdoing in the workplace. The Protected Disclosures (Amendment) Act 2022 commences on 1 January 2023. It requires organisations with more than 50 employees to have policies and processes for protected disclosures.
The European Communities (Protection of Employees on Transfer of Undertakings) Regulations 2003 apply to any transfer of an undertaking, business or part of a business from one employer to another employer, as a result of a legal transfer (including the assignment or forfeiture of a lease) or merger. Employees’ rights and entitlements are protected during this transfer.
The Employees (Provision of Information and Consultation) Act 2006 established minimum requirements for employees' right to information and consultation about the development of their employment's structure and activities during a transfer of undertakings. It applies to employers with at least 50 employees.
Redundancy and dismissals
The Redundancy Payments Acts 1967–2014 gives a minimum entitlement to a redundancy payment for employees who have a set period of service. Not all employees are entitled to the statutory redundancy payment, even where there is a redundancy situation.
The Protection of Employment (Exceptional Collective Redundancies and Related Matters) Act 2007 set up a redundancy panel to consider certain proposed collective redundancies. The Act also removed the upper age limit for entitlement to redundancy payments.
Under the Unfair Dismissals Acts 1977–2015, unfair dismissal can occur where either:
- Your employer terminates your contract of employment, with or without notice
- You terminate your contract of employment, with or without notice, due to the conduct of your employer. This is known as constructive dismissal.
You can get further information on the Employment Equality Acts 1998–2015 and the Equal Status Acts 2000–2015 from the Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission.
You can read about recent regulations on employment permits on the Department of Enterprise, Trade and Employment website.
Complaints about a breach of employment rights
The Workplace Relations Act 2015 established the Workplace Relations Commission (WRC), which replaced the Labour Relations Commission, Rights Commissioner Service, Equality Tribunal, and National Employment Rights Authority.
You can refer complaints, disputes or grievances regarding breaches of employment rights under certain legislation to the Workplace Relations Commission using their online complaint form. Before you apply to the WRC, you must tell your employer of your intention to contact the Workplace Relations Commission. You should try to resolve the matter with your employer directly before referring a complaint to the WRC.
A Workplace Relations Commission adjudicator will listen to both sides before completing an investigation of the complaint and issuing a decision.
Read more on our page about making a complaint to the WRC, including what to expect at the hearing.
Often, disputes between employers and employees can be resolved using workplace mediation.
Mediation is a confidential process, which aims to resolve workplace disputes and disagreements, particularly between individuals or small groups. A mediator will work with employees and employers to find a mutually agreed solution to the problem.
The Mediation Act 2017 allows employees to use mediation for certain civil claims, for example, personal injuries actions. This legislation does not apply to employment disputes brought to the WRC, including disputes being dealt with by mediation officers of the WRC.
The Workplace Relations Commission (WRC) has a Guide to Employment, Labour and Equality Law (pdf) and a booklet on Employment Law Explained (pdf).
You can also find more information on employment protection legislation from the WRC’s Information and Customer Service.