College application and entrance requirements

Applying to college

You apply for almost all full-time undergraduate courses through the Central Applications Office (CAO).

The undergraduate courses in the universities and institutes of technology include Higher Certificates - Level 6, Ordinary Bachelor degrees - Level 7 and Honours Bachelor degrees - Level 8. You can find more information about these qualifications in our document on third-level education in Ireland.

The CAO provides a handbook that lists all the courses on offer and gives information on how to apply.

There is no central applications body for Post-Leaving Certificate (PLC) courses. Students must apply directly to the individual colleges.

You can apply to participate in higher education institutions through the CAO portal. You can also find information on your options for further education and apprenticeships.

CAO applications for 2023-2024

CAO applications for 2023-2024 open from 4 November 2022.

Changing your mind

You can change your course choices online up to 5pm on 1 February 2023, free of charge. Changes made from 3 February 2023 to 5pm on 1 March 2023 cost €10.

There is a further chance to change your mind, free of charge, from 5 May 2023 until 5pm on 1 July 2023.

Closing date and late applications

The closing date for CAO applications is 1 February 2023.

You can make a late application until 5pm on 1 May 2023.

You will not be considered for HEAR or DARE or assessed as a mature student, if you make a late application.

Applications for some restricted courses cannot be made after 1 February.

Courses in medicine

EU applicants to undergraduate courses in medicine in 2022 had to take the Health Professions Admissions Test (HPAT). There is more information on the HPAT-Ireland website. You can find information about graduate entry programmes in medicine in 2023 on the CAO website.

The HPAT Test will be held between 17-20 February 2023.

The HPAT test centre sitting will be on 25 February 2023.

College entry requirements


Students who have taken the Leaving Certificate examination are allocated points for the results they get in their 6 best subjects at a single sitting of the Leaving Certificate. The points awarded depend on the level of achievement in the subject. You can use the points calculator on to work out what points are awarded for any particular set of results.

The State Certificate offered to students for Leaving Certificate 2021 has the same status as the Leaving Certificates awarded to students in previous years.

The number of entry-level points needed for any course depends on the number of places and the number of applicants for those places so the entry level varies from year to year. Higher points are awarded for Higher-Level papers than for Ordinary-Level papers.

Under a pilot scheme operated from Leaving Certificate 2012, the seven universities, Dublin Institute of Technology (now part of Technological University Dublin (TU Dublin)) and the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland allocate extra bonus points for Higher-Level mathematics.

The CAO publishes the minimum points required for admission to courses as each round of offers is made. You can also check the points required in previous years.

Disability Access Route to Education

You may qualify for the Disability Access Route to Education (DARE) scheme, which aims to improve access to higher education for school-leavers with disabilities.

Higher Education Access Route

The Higher Education Access Route (HEAR) admissions scheme allocates a number of third-level places on a reduced points basis to school-leavers from socially disadvantaged backgrounds. To be eligible for the scheme you must meet certain criteria related to your financial, social and cultural circumstances.

Specific academic entry requirements

A student must also have the particular academic entry requirements (also called matriculation requirements) for the course they want to take. You can get detailed information about the academic entry requirements from each university, college or institute.

University sector

Most universities in Ireland are State-funded, but they are generally autonomous. The Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI) is a private university.

The universities in Ireland are:

Technological sector

The technological sector includes technological universities (TUs) and institutes of technology (ITs).

There are 5 technological universities in Ireland:

There are 2 institutes of technology:

Colleges of education

Colleges of education provide specialised training for primary school teachers. There are specific minimum grades for Maths and English. The entry requirements to specialised teacher training are set out by the Department of Education.

PLC courses

Places on Post-Leaving Certificate courses are not allocated on the basis of points, but applicants must be of Leaving Certificate standard. Most colleges interview candidates to determine their suitability.

CAO application fees

The CAO application fees for 2023-2024:

Application Rate
Online (or paper) discounted rate by 20 January €30
Online application by 1 February €45
Late online application by 1 May €60

You can change your course choices online up to 1 February, free of charge. Changes made from 3 February to 1 March cost €10.

The Change of Mind facility from 5 May to 1 July is free.

How to apply to college

Applying through the CAO: For participating higher education institutions (HEIs), you can apply online through the CAO.

When to apply directly to the colleges: You should apply directly to the HEI (not through the CAO) in the following cases:

  • Postgraduate courses.
  • Entry to courses at post-initial-year level.
  • Short duration, one-term, part-time and occasional courses.
  • Re-admission to Dublin City University, Mary Immaculate College, Trinity College and University of Limerick.
  • Follow-on courses at the institutes of technology.
  • Any course not mentioned in the CAO Handbook.
  • Certain mature applicants.
  • Graduate/mature applicants to the Royal College of Surgeons.

Resident outside the EU

If you are or have been resident outside the EU you may have to apply directly to some HEIs. You need to contact the admissions office of HEIs to enquire whether you should apply through the CAO or directly to the HEI. It is very important to check application procedures for courses since errors may be difficult or impossible to rectify.

You should make your enquiries well before the closing date of 1 February, preferably not later than early in the previous December.

Key dates for CAO applications for 2023-2024

4 November 2022 - Online applications open at 12 noon

20 January 2023- Closing date for online applications at discounted fee.

1 February – Normal closing date for applications

March and April – Interviews and portfolio presentations for most of restricted courses*

1 May – Closing date for late applications

5 May – Online change of mind facility opens

1 July – Final date for changing your mind about course selections on your previously submitted CAO form

TBC – Round A offers are made by the CAO (for applicants who are not awaiting their grades for the 2022 Leaving Certificate for example mature students, candidates who deferred places, people who need visas and some others)

TBC – Round Zero offers are made by the CAO (for graduate entry medicine candidates and some other categories)

TBC – Leaving Certificate results come out

TBC – Round One offers are made by the CAO

TBC – Available Places facility opens

TBC – Closing date for acceptance of Round One offers

TBC – Round Two offers are made by the CAO

TBC – Closing date for acceptance of Round Two offers

Offers will be issued as necessary to fill any vacancies

TBC – offers end

6 November 2023 – CAO applications open for 2024

You can get further information on important dates and times on the CAO website.

*Some courses are restricted application courses. Such courses have early assessment procedures (sometimes as early as February) and must be mentioned in your CAO application in time for the relevant higher education institution (HEI) to arrange the procedure. This means that you cannot apply for such courses in a late application. The CAO publishes a calendar of these tests and interviews.

CAO contact details

Central Applications Office

Tower House
Eglinton Street

Opening Hours: Office Hours 9:30-17:00
Tel: (091) 509 800
Fax: (091) 562 344
Page edited: 17 January 2023