Measures to address educational disadvantage
Educational disadvantage refers to the situation where some individuals get less benefit from the education system than their peers. The Education Act 1998 defines educational disadvantage as “the impediments to education arising from social or economic disadvantage which prevent students from deriving appropriate benefit from education in schools”. Educational disadvantage is demonstrated in many ways, most often in poor levels of participation and achievement in the formal education system.
There are other ways in which children may be disadvantaged, for example as a result of a disability, literacy difficulties, ill health, poverty etc. Read about the supports for their education in special needs education, psychological services for schools and financial help with going to school.
Delivering Equality of Opportunity in Schools (DEIS)
The Department of Education and Skills had a range of national programmes in place to address educational disadvantage throughout the public school system. In 2005, following a review of these programmes, the Department published DEIS - Delivering Equality of Opportunity in Schools: an action plan for educational inclusion (pdf). The plan brought a number of those programmes together under the framework of Delivering Equality of Opportunity in Schools (DEIS). DEIS is a more integrated approach to the issue of educational inclusion which provides for:
- A standardised system for identifying and regularly reviewing levels of disadvantage and
- A new integrated School Support Programme (SSP) to bring together and build upon the previous schemes and programmes
Following a review of the DEIS programme, the Department published the DEIS Plan 2017(pdf). It sets out the Department’s aims and objectives to build on the existing DEIS action plan for educational inclusion. Areas for action include:
- Develop best practice in identification of schools needing support
- Improve the learning experience and outcomes of pupils in DEIS schools
- Pilot innovative and creative approaches to tackle educational disadvantage that can be mainstreamed over time
- Improve services to schools through collaboration with other Departments and Agencies
- Provide DEIS schools with the research, information, evaluation and feedback to track the progress being made towards achieving the goals of the Plan
You can read an FAQ on the DEIS Plan 2017(pdf).
There is a list of DEIS schools.
The School Support Programme involving the Home School Community Liaison Scheme (HSCL), the School Completion Programme (SCP) and the Visiting Teachers Service for Travellers (VTST) were integrated into the National Educational Welfare Board (NEWB) whose functions transferred to the Child and Family Agency in 2014.
Early Start Pre-School Scheme
Early Start is a one-year preventative intervention scheme offered to pre-school children (3 to 5 years old) in some schools in designated disadvantaged areas. More detailed information about Early Start is available.
School Completion Programme
The School Completion Programme aims to help students from disadvantaged areas stay in school to complete their Leaving Certificate. It is a support strand within the Child and Family Agency under the Department of Children and Youth Affairs. It forms part of the Department of Education and Skills social inclusion strategy Delivering Equality of Opportunity in Schools (DEIS) to help children and young people who are at risk of or who are experiencing educational disadvantage.
Home-School Community Liaison Scheme
The Home-School Community Liaison Scheme aims to improve co-operation between home, schools and communities to advance the educational interests of disadvantaged children.
The Learning Support Teacher Scheme
Learning support teachers provide extra support teaching for children experiencing learning difficulties, particularly in the core areas of literacy and numeracy. Generally this extra support is provided in the form of extra teaching in small groups or individually.
School Meals Programme
The School Meals Programme aims to supplement the diets of school-going children from disadvantaged backgrounds to help them fulfil their potential within the educational system and to reduce the risk of early school-leaving. There are two schemes.
The Urban Scheme supports school meals for primary schools in urban areas. This programme consists of daily sandwiches or buns and milk. The scheme is not a replacement for home meals.
The Local Projects Scheme gives funding directly to national and secondary
schools, local groups and voluntary organisations, which operate their own
school meals projects (the meals may be hot or cold). It also covers nursery
schools catering for disadvantaged pre-school children. These meals must be
targeted at areas of disadvantage or at children with special needs. Funding is
allocated on the basis of a rate per meal per child.
Funding for school meals comes from the Department of Social Protection and local authorities.
Special projects for disadvantaged youth
These projects are geared towards young people in the second-level education age group but they are also relevant for some primary school students.
DCYA Projects for Disadvantaged Youth
Under this scheme, grants are allocated by the Department of Children and Youth Affairs (DCYA) in respect of special out-of-school projects for disadvantaged young people. Priority is given to projects in the spheres of special youth work initiatives, young homeless people, young substance abusers and young Travellers.
The projects are aimed at facilitating the personal development and social education of young people at risk of drug abuse, juvenile crime, early school leaving, social exclusion, unemployment, welfare dependence,homelessness and marginalisation. In particular, they seek to realise the potential of young people and to equip them with the knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary for their appropriate integration in society.
Youth Information Centres
The DCYA funds the network of Youth Information Centres (pdf) which provide young people with access to information on rights, opportunities, benefits, health, welfare and other matters.
Young People's Facilities and Services Fund (YPFSF)
The Young People’s Facilities and Services Fund (YPFSF) was established to help in the development of preventative strategies in a targeted manner through the development of youth facilities, including sport and recreational facilities, and services in disadvantaged areas where a significant drug problem exists or has the potential to develop. The aim of the fund is to attract young people in these areas at risk of becoming involved in drugs into more healthy and productive pursuits.
How to apply
For further information on DEIS contact the Social Inclusion Unit of the Department of Education and Skills.
For further information on the School Completion Programme contact the Co-ordination Service in the Curriculum Development Unit.
For further information on the School Meals Scheme contact your local authority or the Department of Social Protection. There is an application form for the School Meals Local Projects Scheme (pdf). You can download the Good Practice Guide for School Food Initiatives (pdf) here.
Contact your local Education and Training Board (ETB) for funding for DES Projects for Disadvantaged Youth.
Contact the Department of Children and Youth Affairs for funding for the YPFSF.
Where to apply