If you are aged 65 or over, you are liable to pay income tax in the normal way. However, there are tax exemption limits for people aged 65 or over and there are some extra tax credits.
It is possible to get tax relief for covenants to people aged 65 and over.
In certain circumstances, you may be able to reclaim any DIRT (Deposit Interest Retention Tax) paid.
Income tax applies to almost all income. People aged 65 and over are subject to the same general tax rules as everyone else but they do get tax exemption limits below which they pay no tax and some extra tax credits.
Tax credits for health insurance and long-term care insurance and tax relief for medical expenses are described in our document about taxation and medical care.
In general, if you are taxed exclusively under PAYE (this includes people whose non-PAYE income is taxed by having it coded into their determination of tax credits) you are not obliged to make an annual return.
If you are not taxed under PAYE (i.e. you are taxed under the self-assessment system) you are obliged to make an annual return by 31 October each year.
Exemption limits are income limits below which no tax is payable.
Annual exemption limits for people aged 65 and over
|Single or widowed or surviving civil partner||€18,000|
|Married or in a civil partnership||€36,000|
|First two children||€575 each|
|Subsequent children||€830 each|
If you expect that your income for the year will be less than these limits, you should contact Revenue and they will issue a revised determination of tax credits to you. If your income is not much above these amounts, you may get what is called "marginal relief". That means that you do not go back into the normal tax system - instead you pay tax at a rate of 40% on the amount by which your income exceeds your relevant exemption.
The point at which marginal relief ceases to be of benefit varies with your family circumstances and the tax credits to which you are entitled.
Tax credits are only relevant if you have a taxable income. Tax credits reduce the amount of income tax that you have to pay. How your tax is calculated depends on your income. Your tax credits are deducted from the gross tax to get the amount of tax that you have to pay.
Everyone is entitled to a personal tax credit at either the married/in a civil partnership, single or widowed/surviving civil partner rate. People who pay tax under the PAYE (pay-as-you-earn) system also get a PAYE tax credit. This PAYE tax credit is also available to pensioners who receive their social security pension from another EU member state; they do not pay tax at source but pay tax annually. People aged 65 and over also get an Age Tax Credit.
Age Tax Credit
This is additional to the personal tax credit and may be claimed once you or your spouse or civil partner reaches the age of 65.
|Age Tax Credit||2017|
|Single or widowed or surviving civil partner||€245|
|Married or in a civil partnership||€490|
If you or your spouse or civil partner are 65 or over contact Revenue to claim this additional tax credit.
Dependent Relative Tax Credit
This credit is granted to if you pay tax and maintain, at your own expense, any person who comes within any of the following categories:
The relative's own income must be below a certain amount to claim this tax credit. More information is available in our document about dependent relative tax credit.
If you employ a person to take care of an incapacitated member of your family, you may get an additional allowance. The maximum allowance is €75,000. Relief for employing a carer is allowable at your highest rate of tax.
If you are a higher rate taxpayer and you want to help support a person on a low income, it may be worthwhile to covenant the money.
The person to whom you covenant must be 65 or over or be permanently incapacitated. If the conditions are met, you can claim tax relief on an amount up to 5% of your taxable income; however, there is no limit if the person is permanently incapacitated.
Covenants are most effective if the recipient does not have a taxable income. The amount you covenant may be taxable in the hands of the recipient. It is important to note that money covenanted to people receiving a non-contributory pension or means-tested allowance may affect their entitlement to the allowance in question. You can find more information about deeds of covenant.
Tax relief is available for rent paid for private rented accommodation. This will be phased out over 7 years, starting from 2011. People over 55 can claim relief at higher rates. You cannot claim relief if you were not renting before 7 December 2010. You can find out more in our document about tax relief for private tenants.
Deposit Interest Retention Tax (DIRT) is deducted from the interest payable on savings in banks, building societies, etc. This happens whether or not you would normally be liable for tax. If you are aged 65 or over or your spouse or civil partner is aged 65 or over or if you are permanently incapacitated, you may not be liable for DIRT if you are exempt from income tax.You can notify your financial institution so that they can pay your interest without deducting DIRT.
You can apply to your Inspector of Taxes for the credits described or for the application of the exemption limits to you.Forms for covenants are available from the Revenue Commissioners and in banks and other financial institutions.
If you have a question relating to this topic you can contact the Citizens Information Phone Service on 0761 07 4000 (Monday to Friday, 9am to 8pm) or you can visit your local Citizens Information Centre.