You are here: Home > Housing > Owning a home > Home owners > Renting out a room in your home

Print Page Send to a Friend

Renting out a room in your home

Information

If you rent out a room (or rooms) in your home to private tenants, the rental income you earn will be exempt from income tax, provided this income does not exceed €10,000 in a tax year. This is called the rent a room relief.

Where more than one person is entitled to benefit from the rent (for example, you and your spouse), the limit of €10,000 is divided between the individuals concerned. Tenants who rent out a room in your home are entitled to claim tax relief on rent paid.

In certain cases you will not be entitled to claim the relief. These exclusions are listed under 'Rules' below.

Your rights and obligations as a landlord

If you choose to rent out a room in your home, you are not covered by landlord/tenant legislation in Ireland. This means that you are not obliged to register with the Private Residential Tenancies Board (PRTB) as a landlord, provide a rent book to the tenant or ensure that the accommodation provided meets any minimum physical standards.

This also means that private tenants living in your home are living under alicensee agreement not a tenancy agreement and are really only entitled to reasonable notice if you choose to terminate the agreement. Tenants are, however, entitled to refer disputes regarding periods of reasonable notice, retention of deposits, and disputes regarding deductions from rent for damage to property that is over and above normal wear and tear to the Small Claims Court.

Before you agree or choose to rent out a room in your home, it is strongly recommended that you and the tenant agree some ground-rules in advance. You should put these ground-rules in writing and both parties (that is, you and your tenant) should sign and each keep a copy of this agreement so you can both refer to the terms of your agreement in the event of confusion or disagreement. Some of the ground-rules you might consider are:

  • What will the period of the tenancy be?
  • What will be the minimum periods of notice if either party chooses to terminate the agreement?
  • How much will the rent be and when can this be reviewed?
  • How will rent be paid and is rent to be paid weekly/fortnightly/monthly?
  • What is the situation regarding visitors and friends staying over?
  • Are there any restrictions regarding noise levels?

Effect of rental income on social welfare payments

If you are getting a means-tested social assistance payment from the Department of Social Protection, any rental income you get will be assessed as means and may affect your payment. However, rental income will not be assessed as means if you are getting a State Pension (Non-Contributory) or Widow's/Widower's or Surviving Civil Partner’s (Non-Contributory) Pension and you would be living alone unless you rented out a room in your home.

Rules

To get rent a room relief:

  • The total (gross) rent you get from your tenant (or tenants), which includes sums the tenant pays for food, utilities, laundry or similar goods and services, cannot exceed €10,000. If you get rental income over and above this amount, you are not entitled to the relief
  • Your home must be in Ireland and must be occupied by you during the year of assessment as your principal private residence.

You cannot deduct expenses from your rental income to qualify for rent a room relief. If you qualify for rent a room relief, the income you get from renting a room in your home is not liable to PRSI, the Universal Social Charge or income tax. However, it must be included on your annual income tax return.

Rent a Room Relief will not affect your mortgage interest relief or your exemption from Capital Gains Tax (CGT). (CGT is a tax on the capital gain (profit) made on the disposal of an asset, for example, when you sell a house).

Exclusions from rent a room relief

You will not qualify for tax relief on the rental income if:

  • Your gross income from rent is over €10,000. In this case, your rental income minus allowable expenses will be treated by Revenue as part of your total income for tax purposes and should be included in your tax return.
  • You are renting the room in your home to your son or daughter.
  • You are an employee or office-holder in a company, and the company pays you to allow clients to use the room in your home on an occasional basis.

Rates

Rental income from renting a room in your home is exempt from tax, up to a maximum limit of €10,000.

How to apply

Complete a Tax Return Form 12 (pdf) at the end of the tax year indicating that you have received rental income for rent a room relief. Form 12 is available from your local tax office.

Your completed annual tax return should be returned to your local tax office. Your local tax office can answer any queries you may have and will assist if you have any difficulties completing your annual Tax Return.

You can read more about rent a room relief in Revenue's leaflet A guide to rental income (IT 70).

For more information

Visit the Revenue contact locator webpage to find the Lo-call number for your region. You can find more detailed contact details for your region on Revenue's website.

Threshold

21 Stoneybatter
Dublin 7
Ireland

Tel:(01) 635 3651
Fax:(01) 677 2407
Homepage: http://www.threshold.ie
Email: advice@threshold.ie

Page updated: 23 April 2012

Language

Gaeilge

Related Documents

  • Landlords’ rights and obligations
    Landlords have certain rights and obligations, which derive from landlord and tenant law as well as from any tenancy agreement (written or spoken) between landlord and tenant.
  • Housing tax credits and reliefs
    It is possible to claim tax relief on certain housing expenses. Find out more.
  • Tenants’ rights and obligations
    The main rights and responsibilities of tenants in private rented accomodation derive from landlord and tenant law as well as from any written or oral tenancy agreement.

Contact Us

If you have a question relating to this topic you can contact the Citizens Information Phone Service on 0761 07 4000 (Monday to Friday, 9am to 8pm) or you can visit your local Citizens Information Centre.