Leaving work without being paid
If you lose your job you have certain rights and entitlements including the right to be paid for work you have done. If you have not been paid by the date of dismissal or if you are still owed some wages, you have a legal entitlement to be paid for your work. The non-payment of your wages is a deduction from your pay by your employer – see 'Deductions from pay' below.
When you leave work
On the day your employment ends, that is the date of dismissal, there are certain things your employer should give you. They include the following:
- The pay you are owed and a payslip
- A P45 giving details of your pay with the tax and PRSI deducted to date
- If you have been made redundant, the redundancy payment due to you
- Your entitlement to notice and pay for holidays which you have not taken. You can read more about these in our document, Losing your job – entitlements.
Deductions from pay
The Payment of Wages Act 1991 regulates how your employer pays you, establishes your right to a payslip and states what legal deductions your employer can make from your pay.
Under Section 5 of the Act it is illegal for an employer to make a deduction from an employee’s wages unless the deduction is:
- Required by law, for example, tax (PAYE) and social insurance (PRSI)
- Provided for in the contract of employment, for example occupational pension contributions
- Made with your written consent, for example, trade union subscriptions
- To recover an overpayment of wages or expenses
- Required by a court order, for example, an attachment of earnings order in a family law case
- Arising due to you being on strike
If you have left work and you have not been paid or if your pay is less than the amount due to you, this is an unlawful deduction under the Payment of Wages Act. The only exception to this is where the non-payment or missing amount is due to a mistake in calculating your pay.
So if you have lost your job but your employer has not paid the wages due to you, you can apply for compensation by making a complaint under the Payment of Wages Act 1991.
How to apply
To make a complaint about this non-payment of wages, you apply to the Workplace Relations Commission using the online complaint form available on workplacerelations.ie. You must make a complaint within 6 months of the date of the deduction which is the date your wages were due to be paid. The time limit may be extended for up to a further 6 months, but only where there is a reasonable cause which prevented the complaint being brought within the normal time limit.
Further information is available in this explanatory booklet on the Payment of Wages Act 1991 (pdf) or from the Workplace Relations Commission's Information and Customer Service - see 'Where to apply' below.
Where to apply
Workplace Relations Commission - Information and Customer Service
Information and Customer Service
Opening Hours: Mon. to Fri. 9.30am to 5pm
Tel: (059) 917 8990
Locall: 1890 80 80 90