Employment Regulation Orders and registered employment agreements
In addition to arrangements such as the national minimum wage, some employees are covered by particular agreements that deal with the pay and working conditions of the employees concerned and may be included in an employee’s contract of employment.
- The various agreements on pay and conditions made by Joint Labour Committees (JLCs) are known as Employment Regulation Orders (EROs).
- Agreements which result from negotiations between trade unions and employers are called collective agreements.
- If a collective agreement relating to the pay or conditions of specified workers has been registered with the Labour Court, it is known as a registered employment agreement (REA).
- The Labour Court may recommend that a sectoral employment order (SEO) be made for an economic sector on matters of pay, pension or sick pay scheme.
Employment Regulation Orders
Following a High Court decision, all Employment Regulation Orders ceased to have statutory effect from 7 July 2011.
The Industrial Relations (Amendment) Act 2012 which reformed the Joint Labour Committees' wage-setting mechanisms came into force on 1 August 2012. Under the Act, the Labour Court adopts an Employment Regulation Order (ERO) drawn up by a Joint Labour Committee. The ERO is given statutory effect by the Minister for Business, Enterprise and Innovation.
There are new EROs for the contract cleaning and security industries – see below.
The list of Joint Labour Committees is as follows:
- Agricultural workers
- Catering (Dublin and Dún Laoghaire)
- Catering (Other)
- Contract cleaning
- Hotels (Other excluding Cork)
- Retail, grocery, and allied trades
- Security industry
REAs and sectoral employment orders
Following a decision of the Supreme Court, all registered employment agreements ceased to have statutory effect from 9 May 2013.
The Industrial Relations (Amendment) Act 2015 provides for a system of registered employment agreements and sectoral employment orders. Registered employment agreements (REAs) are collective agreements that relate to the pay or conditions of employment of specified workers and that are registered with the Labour Court.
Following a request from a trade union or employers’ organisation, the Labour Court may make a recommendation to the Minister for Business, Enterprise and Innovation to make a sectoral employment order (SEO). Under the 2015 Act, an SEO may set out minimum pay rates as well as pension and sick pay schemes for an economic sector. Section 13 of the Act defines an economic sector as a “sector of the economy concerned with a specific economic activity requiring specific qualifications, skills or knowledge”
Workplace Relations Commission
Tel:(01) 613 6700
Locall:1890 22 02 27
Pre-2011 EROs and pre-2013 REAs
Following a High Court decision, all Employment Regulation Orders ceased to have statutory effect from 7 July 2011. Following a decision of the Supreme Court, all registered employment agreements ceased to have statutory effect from 9 May 2013.
Employees who were previously covered by an ERO or an REA have existing contracts of employment which govern their pay and conditions of work. If an employer reduces an employee’s rate of pay this would be a change in their contract of employment and normally such changes require the employee’s consent.
You can view the last rates of pay and employment conditions contained in the REAs up to 9 May 2013 for the following sectors: