COVID-19 Pandemic Unemployment Payment (PUP)
The COVID-19 Pandemic Unemployment Payment (PUP) is a social welfare payment for employees and self-employed people who have lost all their employment due to the COVID-19 public health emergency.
PUP is paid every Tuesday into a bank account in the State.
You can find out more about COVID-19 and social welfare payments.
You may be asked to confirm your eligibility for PUP.
How long will PUP continue?
PUP closed to new applicants from 8 July 2021.
The PUP scheme will end on 25 March 2022 with the last payment on Tuesday, 29 March 2022. However, for some people PUP will end before this date as rates are gradually reduced - see 'Rate of payment' below.
Who can get COVID-19 PUP?
PUP is no longer being paid to new applicants.
You may lose your payment if you:
- Refuse to return to work following lay off
- Refuse an offer of suitable employment
- Refuse or fail to engage with activation measures – this can include training that will help you find a job
You can find more information in the DSP guidelines about who can qualify for PUP.
If you are self-employed
If you are self-employed, you can earn up to €960 over 8 weeks and keep your PUP payment.
The €960 limit is based on gross income (before tax and PRSI) minus expenses. You do not need to apply to or notify the DSP that you are earning below this amount over 8 weeks.
If your earnings go over €960 in an 8 week period, you must stop your PUP payment. You must keep evidence of your earnings for inspection.
If you earn over €960 over 8 weeks and you work less than 24 hours a week, you can apply for the COVID-19 Part Time Job Incentive for the Self-Employed.
If you get a redundancy payment due to the COVID-19 pandemic, you are eligible to apply for PUP. This applies to both voluntary and compulsory redundancy. If you were temporarily laid off due to COVID-19 and later get a redundancy payment, you are eligible for PUP as long as you continue to meet all the other eligibility criteria. Your redundancy payment does not impact your eligibility for the payment.
A cross-border or frontier worker is any employed or self-employed person who works in one jurisdiction and lives in another. Living in another jurisdiction means that you return to your home country every day, as a rule, or at least once a week. If a frontier worker loses their job, they should claim unemployment benefits from the country they are living in.
If you are a cross-border worker who lives in Ireland, were working in Northern Ireland and you lost your job due to the COVID-19 public health emergency, you could claim the COVID-19 Pandemic Unemployment Payment.
Workers who live in Northern Ireland could not apply for the COVID-19 Pandemic Unemployment Payment.
PUP and other social welfare payments
You may get PUP and another social welfare payment, if you meet the qualifying criteria for both. You can read the full list of social welfare payments that people can get with PUP.
PUP and an Increase for a Qualified Adult
If your spouse's or partner's social welfare payment includes an Increase for a Qualified Adult (IQA) for you, they can keep the IQA while you are getting PUP.
Back to Education Allowance and PUP
People currently getting PUP can qualify for the Back to Education Allowance (BTEA). You do not have to satisfy the usual time limits for BTEA. For example, you may qualify for BTEA for a 3rd level course even if you have been getting PUP for less than 9 months. You must be entering the first year of your course.
You will have to transfer to a jobseeker's payment (for example, Jobseeker’s Allowance) before you can get BTEA, and your BTEA rate will be based on your qualifying payment.
PUP and Maternity Benefit
If you are getting PUP, you are treated as if you are in employment when you apply for Maternity Benefit. You submit your Maternity Benefit application as normal. Your maternity leave should start no later than 2 weeks before the end of the week in which your baby is due.
If you are still getting a COVID-19 Pandemic Unemployment Payment when you are due to begin your maternity leave, you must close your claim and claim Maternity Benefit. You should ask your GP to complete form MB3 to send along with your application.
PUP closed to new applicants from 8 July 2021. However, if you were getting PUP immediately before your Maternity Benefit and your MB finishes on or after 8 July 2021, you can reapply for PUP, if you meet the qualifying criteria. You can get an application form by emailing email@example.com or contacting the Income Support Helpline: 0818 800 024.
If you lost your job before 8 July while you were getting Maternity Benefit, you may apply for PUP when your Maternity Benefit finishes.
PUP and travel abroad
If you are getting PUP, you must notify the Department of Social Protection before going abroad. You can contact the Income Support Helpline on 0818 800 024 and a note can be made on your PUP claim. If you are abroad for more than 2 weeks, you will not continue to be eligible for PUP unless the extended absence has been approved.
Rate of payment
The rate of COVID-19 Pandemic Unemployment Payment is linked to your previous earnings. You do not need to contact the DSP about your earnings. The DSP has access to this information from Revenue.
There is no payment for adult or child dependants.
COVID-19 Pandemic Unemployment Payment (PUP) weekly rate from 16 November 2021
|Average weekly earnings||Personal rate|
|€400 or over||€250|
|€300 - €399.99||€203|
The PUP rate is due to reduce on 8 February 2022.
If you were earning between €200 and €299.99, and you were getting a PUP rate of €203 per week, your PUP ended on 9 November 2021. If you have not returned to work, you should apply for a jobseeker's payment.
If you are an employee, your average gross weekly earnings are assessed in 3 separate periods – from January to December 2019, from January to February 2020 and from January to September 2020. The higher figure is used.
For example, if your average gross weekly earnings were €210 in January to February 2020 and €195 in January to September 2020, the figure of €210 will be used. Similarly, if your average gross weekly earnings in 2019 were higher than in 2020, the 2019 figure will be used.
Self-employment earnings assessment
If you are self-employed and apply for PUP, your average weekly income in 2018 or 2019 will be used to decide your rate of payment.
If your income from self-employment was only from 2020, your PUP rate will be €203. The amount you earned during the year or when you earned it does not affect your rate.
Requesting a review of your PUP rate
If you feel that it may make a difference to your rate, you can request a review of your payment from the DSP.
To request a review of your rate, you should email PUPRerate@welfare.ie. You can also write to PUP Rerate Requests, Department of Social Protection, Intreo Centre, Cork Road, Waterford. You should include all supporting documentation with your request.
Tax and PRSI
The COVID-19 Pandemic Unemployment Payment is taxable. However, the amount of tax you are liable to pay depends on your overall income during the year. You will not pay tax, if your tax liability is less than your tax credits and allowances.
Taxation of PUP in 2020
In 2020, the COVID-19 Pandemic Unemployment Payment was assessed for income tax and USC at the end of the year. You can get your Preliminary End of Year Statement for 2020 from Revenue. The statement shows your income tax and USC for 2020. It tells you whether you have underpaid or overpaid your tax for 2020. If you have underpaid your tax, you can:
- Arrange to fully or partially repay the tax due using myAccount or
- Revenue can collect the underpayment by reducing your tax credits over a period of 4 years, starting in January 2022
You will not have to pay interest on any underpayment.
Revenue has more information on the taxation of PUP paid in 2020.
Taxation of PUP in 2021
In 2021, PUP is treated like other taxable social welfare payments. It is taxed in real-time. This means it is taxed as it is paid. The tax due is collected by reducing your tax credits and rate band. This can limit any additional liabilities at the end of the year.
Revenue has more information about the taxation of PUP paid in 2021.
You will be deemed to have paid PRSI contributions at the same class that you were paying immediately before you were laid off while you are getting the payment. This will help you to qualify for other social welfare payments such as Jobseeker’s Benefit, Maternity and Adoptive Benefit.
If you are self-employed, you will be awarded 52 annual contributions when you make your annual tax return (including any S Class payment due) in the normal way.
Confirming your eligibility for PUP
The Department of Social Protection can ask you to provide evidence that you continue to be eligible for PUP.
If you are contacted by the Department and asked to provide evidence of your eligibility for PUP you should do this online at MyWelfare.ie.
If you are still eligible for PUP, you will continue to get your payment as normal. If you no longer meet the eligibility criteria, you must close your PUP claim. You can close your claim on MyWelfare.ie.
The Department does not ask you for your bank account or financial institution account details as part of the process.
If you have questions, you can contact the Department’s Income Support Helpline for COVID on 0818 800 024.
If you think you have been wrongly refused the COVID-19 Pandemic Unemployment Payment, you can appeal this decision to the independent Social Welfare Appeals Office.
You should include any additional information in support of your application.
Returning to work
You must close your claim for the COVID-19 Pandemic Unemployment Payment on the day you start work.
If you have questions about closing your claim, you can contact the DSP income support helpline on 0818 800 024 (Monday to Friday from 9am to 5pm).
If you applied for the COVID19 Pandemic Unemployment Payment and your employer has re-employed you under the Temporary COVID-19 Wage Subsidy Scheme or the Employment Wage Subsidy Scheme, you must close your claim for the payment. You can close your claim using MyWelfare.ie.
If you are self-employed and have closed your COVID-19 Pandemic Unemployment Payment, you may be able to get an Enterprise Support Grant of up to €1000.
You can find more information about supports for businesses impacted by COVID-19.
How to apply
PUP closed to new applicants from 8 July 2021.