Penalty points for driving offences
Ireland uses penalty points to enforce the rules of the road and improve road safety. If you commit a motoring offence, and the penalty for the offence includes penalty points, your driving licence will be endorsed with one or more penalty points.
Some traffic offences have other penalties, such as fines as well as penalty points.
The penalty points system for driving offences has operated in Ireland since 2002. The law governing penalty points is the Road Traffic Act 2002. This legislation has been amended a number of times to add offences for which penalty points can be issued.
While penalty points are endorsed on your driving licence, the points do not physically appear on the licence. Your penalty points are recorded on your driving licence record, which is held on the National Vehicle and Driver File operated by the Department of Transport.
Penalty point endorsements remain on your licence record for 3 years and must be notified to your insurance company when applying for motor insurance. Motor insurance companies have had access to the National Vehicle and Driver File since 2014.
Endorsements on your licence record will often lead to an increase in your motor insurance premium.
How do penalty points work?
Penalty points are recorded on your driving licence when:
- You are convicted in court of a driving offence that attracts penalty points or
- You pay a fixed charge notice that was issued to you for an offence that also carries penalty points
If you get 12 penalty points in any 3 year period, you are automatically disqualified from driving for 6 months.
Learner permit drivers are disqualified if they have 7 penalty points. This lower threshold also applies for the first 2 years of a driver’s first full driving licence.
Penalty points are not added to your licence immediately.
Fixed charge and penalty offences
Fixed notice penalties are issued for driving offences that attract penalty points and/or just a fine.
If you receive a fixed notice penalty, you will be issued a notice by the Department of Transport. If you pay the fixed charge fine within 56 days, you will get a further notice from the Department of Transport confirming that the penalty points will be added to your driving licence. The penalty points will be added to your licence 28 days after that.
If you do not pay the fixed charge fine within 56 days, you will get a summons to appear in the District Court. If you are convicted of a driving offence in court, the court will notify the Department of Transport of the number of penalty points attached to that conviction. The Department of Transport will then issue a notification that these penalty points will be added to your driving licence 28 days after the notification date.
You can get information on fixed charge notices and fines in our document on driving offences.
How long do penalty points stay on my licence?
Penalty points remain on your licence record for 3 years. Any period where your licence is out of date or you are serving a court disqualification does not count as part of the 3 years.
If you accumulate 12 points or 7 where applicable and are disqualified from driving for 6 months, the points which led to the disqualification are removed at the end of the 6 months.
But if you had more offences that had not been endorsed on your licence record by the time you started your 6 month suspension, these extra points would be added to your licence record and would remain on your licence for 3 years (from the time your licence was reinstated).
What happens to my licence if I have12 penalty points or 7 where applicable?
If you have been notified by the Department of Transport that you have been disqualified from driving because you have reached 12 penalty points or more, you must surrender your driving licence to the National Driver Licence Service for the period of 6 months.
What motoring offences result in penalty points?
The Road Traffic Act 2002, as amended, legislates for motoring offences that incur penalty points. The Road Safety Authority maintains an up-to-date list of penalty point motoring offences.
Examples of how penalty points and fines are awarded.
Speeding offences: A fixed charge fine of €160, together with 3 penalty points. If you have been caught speeding on a police traffic camera, you will get a notice of your fine and penalty points for the offence by post. You have 28 days in which to pay your fine from the date the notice is issued to you. If you do not pay your fine, the fine then increases to €240, which you must pay within 28 days. If after this time (56 days) you still have not paid your fine, the offence is referred to the courts. If you are convicted in court of speeding offences and non-payment of fines, you will automatically receive 5 penalty points and a fine up to a maximum of €1,000.
Seatbelt offences: If you drive without a seatbelt or allow children under 17 years to travel in your car without a seatbelt, you will incur a fixed charge fine of €120. You must pay this fine within 28 days or face an increased fine of €180 payable within 56 days of the offence. 3 penalty points will be added to your licence if you pay the fine on time. If you are convicted in court for non-wearing of a seatbelt, 5 penalty points will be added to your licence and you will be liable to a €2,000 fine for a first offence. Read more about seatbelts and the law in Ireland.
Motor insurance offences: If you drive without insurance, you will get 5 penalty points and will have to appear in court. The court can issue a fine of up to €5,000 and can send you to prison for up to 6 months. The court can disqualify you from driving instead of issuing penalty points.
Careless driving: If you drive ‘a vehicle in a public place without due care and attention' you can get up to 5 penalty points on your licence and a fine of up to €5,000. If careless driving causes death or serious bodily harm, you are liable on conviction on indictment to imprisonment for a term of up to 2 years or to a fine of up to €10,000 or to both.
Other penalty point questions
What happens if someone else was driving my vehicle?
If the driving offence was detected by camera, the notice is sent to the registered owner of the vehicle. If the registered owner was not driving at the time of the offence they should fill out the form attached to the notice, giving details of the person who was actually driving. This should then be returned to the Fixed Charge Processing Office with the original notice. Do not enclose payment. The Gardaí then issue a notice to the driver.
Do penalty points apply to all Irish driving licences?
Yes. Penalty points apply to both learner permits and full Irish driving licences. Penalty points also apply to drivers with foreign driving licences driving in Ireland. If someone is driving in Ireland on a foreign licence, a record will be created for penalty points. If the driver accumulates 12 penalty points in a 3-year period, they are disqualified from driving in Ireland.
How do you find out how many penalty points you have on your driving licence?
To find out how many penalty points are on your driving licence record, contact the National Driver Licence Service (NDLS) at 0818 700 800 or email email@example.com and quote your driving licence number.
Penalty points from other jurisdictions
Penalty points from other countries (including EU/EEA member states and the United Kingdom) are not recognised between states. Although a European Convention on driving disqualifications was signed by the member states in June 1998, it is not currently in force. However, the UK and Ireland have a separate agreement that allows each country to recognise disqualifications (but not penalty points) due to certain offences.
Can penalty points be cancelled?
If you have been issued with penalty points (or a fixed charge without penalty points), you can apply to the Gardaí for the points to be cancelled. You will have to show that there are good procedural or exceptional grounds for cancellation.
Procedural grounds - examples of this include:
- A technical problem meant that wrong information was recorded (for example, the wrong speed limit was detected)
- You are exempt from the offence, for example, you have an exemption from wearing a seatbelt. See our document on seatbelts)
- You have been penalised for not having tax or insurance, but you can show that you had motor tax or insurance at the time of the alleged offence
- The car had been stolen and you have been sent a fixed charge notice and/or penalty points for offences committed after the theft of the vehicle
- You no longer owned the vehicle
Exceptional grounds – examples of this include
- You broke the speed limit because you were bringing someone to the hospital
- You broke the speed limit because you were responding to an emergency in your home (for example, a fire or gas leak)
Alternatively you can contact the NDLS (National Driver Licence Service).