Tax refund when unemployed or out of work sick
You can get a refund of tax you have already paid if you were employed and find yourself unemployed. You may also get a tax refund if you are out of work due to illness. You can also get tax back if you are still employed but have paid more tax than you were liable for.
Another way to get tax back is through tax relief on services or products that you have bought. Some of the cost of certain services and products can be recouped from the tax you have already paid to Revenue, for example, tax relief for employing a carer and tax relief for third level education fees. The amount of relief you get depends on the amount of tax you have paid.
This document explains how to get a tax refund if you have worked and are now unemployed, getting Illness Benefit or short-term Occupational Injury Benefit, or if you are still employed but think you have paid more tax than you were liable to pay.
Why would I get a tax refund?
There are a number of reasons why you may now be liable to pay less tax than previously thought and due a refund. Your tax liability may be reduced because you are on unpaid sick leave or have become unemployed.
For PAYE workers your tax liability is spread out evenly over the year. To ensure that this is achieved, your tax liability is normally calculated on a cumulative basis. Any tax credits and standard rate cut-off point, which is not used in a pay period, is carried forward to the next pay period within that tax year.
This means that when an employer calculates your tax liability, they actually calculate the total tax due from 1 January to the date which your most recent wages are paid. This means if your income is reduced, for example, by sickness or unemployment, you will have unused tax credits and may be due a tax refund.
You may also get a refund if your tax liability has been incorrectly calculated by your employer and you have overpaid tax.
A tax refund may also be paid if you have purchased goods or services for which you can claim tax relief.
If you are unemployed or out of work sick
If tax has been deducted from your pay since 1 January last and you are now unemployed, you may be entitled to a tax refund. If you have not paid any tax, you will not be due a refund.
Jobseeker’s Benefit (JB), Illness Benefit (IB) and payments under the Occupational Injury Benefit (OIB) Scheme (including Injury Benefit, Disablement Benefit and Incapacity Supplement) are all taxable sources of income. However, the first €13 per week of Jobseeker’s Benefit is not taxable. Any Increase for a Qualified Child paid with Illness Benefit or a payment under the OIB scheme is not taxable.
If you are getting Jobseeker’s Benefit, Illness Benefit, or a payment under the Occupational Injury Benefit Scheme and make a claim for a tax refund, the taxable proportion of your JB, IB or OIB payment and your wages are added together to determine if you are entitled to a refund.
If you are employed and think you may have overpaid tax
Unemployed or out of work sick
The amount of tax refund depends on:
- The length of time you have been unemployed
- The amount of tax you have paid
- The amount of tax credits you have used
- The amount of your weekly social welfare payment
How your tax refund is paid
Revenue will issue a cheque if you are unemployed and due a tax refund.
If you are out of work sick, when you return to work your employer usually refunds your tax in your first week's wages.
How to apply
You should apply 4 weeks from the date you become unemployed, however, if emergency tax was being deducted by your former employer you should apply immediately.
You should apply 8 weeks from the date you became unemployed, if you are getting another income which is taxable. This includes taxable social welfare payments.
Your application for a tax repayment because you are unemployed or out of work sick, should be made on tax repayment Form P50 and sent to your tax office.
Unpaid sick leave
When you return to work from unpaid sick leave, you should notify your tax office of the amount of Illness Benefit paid during your illness. Revenue will then issue you with your correct Tax Credit Certificate. Your employer will also get a copy (showing totals only) and refund any tax you are due, when you return to work.
Where to apply
For further information on getting a tax refund, contact Revenue.