Fair Deal Scheme
The Nursing Homes Support Scheme, also known as the “Fair Deal”, provides financial support to people who need long-term nursing home care. The scheme is operated by the Health Service Executive (HSE).
Under this scheme, you make a contribution towards the cost of your care and the HSE pays the balance. The scheme covers approved private nursing homes, voluntary nursing homes and public nursing homes. You can get a list of approved nursing homes from the HSE – see Where to Apply.
Anyone who is ordinarily resident in the State and needs long-term nursing home care can apply for the scheme.
When you apply, your care needs are assessed to confirm that long-term nursing home care is the most appropriate option for you.
Your financial situation is also assessed to see how much you will have to contribute towards your nursing home fees. If your contribution is less than the amount of the fees, the HSE will pay the rest.
Assets, such as savings and property, are taken into account when assessing your financial situation. You can apply for the Nursing Home Loan if you want to defer the part of your contribution that is based on your home or other property.
What does Fair Deal cover?
The scheme covers long-term nursing home care only. It does not cover short-term care such as respite, convalescent care or day care although these types of services may be provided in some nursing homes.
Services covered include: bed and board; nursing and personal care appropriate to the level of care needs of the person; laundry service; and basic aids and appliances necessary to assist a person with the activities of daily living.
Other goods and services may be available under schemes such as the Medical Card or Drugs Payment Scheme.
There is a set level of funding for the scheme each year, so there may be situations where a person’s name must go onto a waiting list until funding becomes available. If this is the case, the HSE will let you know when it writes to tell you if you are eligible for State support.
Moving from hospital care to long-term care
If you are in hospital, but no longer need acute care, then you can be charged for long-term care in that hospital. If, for example, you are waiting to move to long-term care, then you should apply for Fair Deal as soon as you can.
Overview of the application process
There are 3 steps in the application process, which are detailed below:
Step 1 is an application for a Care Needs Assessment. This is to assess whether or not you need long-term nursing home care, that is, whether you can be supported to continue living at home or whether long-term nursing home care is more appropriate.
Step 2 is the Financial Assessment. The Financial Assessment looks at your income and assets to work out what your contribution to the cost of your care will be. The HSE will then pay the balance of your cost of care. This payment by the HSE is called State support.
All applicants must complete Steps 1 and 2.
Step 3 is an optional application for the Nursing Home Loan. You can apply for this if you want to defer paying the part of your contribution that is based on your home or other property.
Care Needs Assessment
The Care Needs Assessment will be carried out by healthcare professionals appointed by the HSE, for example, a nurse. It may be completed in a hospital or a community setting such as your own home and may involve a physical examination.
The assessment will take into account:
- Your ability to carry out the activities of daily living, for example, bathing, shopping, dressing and moving around
- The medical, health and personal social services provided to you or available to you at the time of the assessment and generally
- The family and community support available to you
- Your wishes and preferences
When the Care Needs Assessment has been completed, a report will be prepared. Based on the report, the HSE must decide whether or not long-term nursing home care is the most appropriate option. Once a decision is made, you will be notified in writing within 10 working days. You will be given a copy of the report and the reasons for the decision.
You must be assessed as needing nursing home care in order to be eligible for either State support or the Nursing Home Loan.
The HSE may use the Care Needs Assessment to identify other health or personal social service needs. However, there is no legal requirement for them to provide the services identified.
The Financial Assessment looks at your income and assets in order to work out what your contribution to care will be. The HSE will then pay the balance of your cost of care. For example, if the cost of your care was €1,000 and your weekly contribution was €300, the HSE will pay the weekly balance of €700. This payment by the HSE is called State support.
The Financial Assessment looks at all of your income and assets.
If you are part of a couple, the assessment will be based on half of the couple’s combined income and assets.
A couple is defined as a married couple who are living together. It also includes an opposite-sex or same-sex couple who are living together as life partners for at least 3 years.
Income and assets
Income includes any:
- Social welfare benefits or allowances
- Rental income
- Income from holding an office or directorship
- Income from fees, commissions, dividends or interest
- Income which you have deprived yourself of in the 5 years before your application
An asset is any material property or wealth, including property or wealth outside of the State. Assets are divided into two distinct categories, namely cash assets and non-cash assets.
Cash assets include savings, stocks, shares and securities. Non-cash assets include all forms of property other than cash assets, for example a person’s principal residence or land. In both cases, the assessment will also look at assets that you have deprived yourself of since applying for State support or in the 5 years before the application.
The assessment will not take into account the income of other relatives such as your children.
Your contribution to care
Having looked at your income and assets, the Financial Assessment will work out your contribution to care.
You will contribute:
- 80% of your income (less deductions below) and
- 7.5% of the value of any assets per year (5% if the application was made before 25 July 2013)
However, the first €36,000 of your assets, or €72,000 for a couple, will not be counted in the Financial Assessment.
If you are part of a couple, you will contribute half of the amounts above, that is, 40% of your income and 3.75% of the value of your assets per year.
Where your assets include land and property, the 7.5% contribution based on such assets may be deferred and paid to Revenue after your death. This is known as the Nursing Home Loan (see below).
Your principal residence will only be included in the financial assessment for the first 3 years of your time in care. This is known as the 22.5% or ‘three-year cap' (the cap is 15% for applications made before 25 July 2013). It means that you will pay a 7.5% contribution based on your principal residence for a maximum of 3 years regardless of the length of time you spend in nursing home care.
From 20 October 2021, family-owned farms and businesses can be included in the ‘3-year cap' if they meet certain conditions, (see’ ‘Farms and businesses’ below).
In the case of a couple, the contribution based on the principal residence will be capped at 11.25% (7.5% for applications before 25 July 2013) where one partner remains in the home while the other enters long-term nursing home care, that is, the '3-year cap’ applies. If you opt for the Nursing Home Loan in respect of your principal residence, your spouse or partner can also apply to have the repayment of the Loan deferred for their lifetime
If you have already been in a nursing home for 3 years when you apply for the scheme, then you do not pay the 7.5% on your principal residence.
After 3 years, even if you are still getting long-term nursing home care, you will not pay any further contribution based on the principal residence. This '3-year cap' applies regardless of whether you choose to opt for the Nursing Home Loan or not.
If you sell your home while you are in care, the net proceeds of the sale will also qualify for the 3-year cap.
All other assets will be taken into account for as long as you are in care.
Farms and businesses
From 20 October 2021, family-owned farms and businesses can be included in the ‘3-year cap' if they meet some conditions, including that:
- You must apply to the HSE to appoint your family successor who will commit to running the farm or business for at least 6 years
- Your farm or business must have been actively run by you, your partner or your proposed family successor for at least 3 of the last 5 years
- A charge in favour of the HSE will be placed on the chargeable property of a business or farm
You need to apply using the Fair Deal application form (pdf) if you want your farm or business to be included in the ‘3-year cap'.
Your successor must be aged 18 or older and must be either your partner or a relative of yours or of your partner.
Summary table for 7.5% yearly contribution re assets
|Asset||7.5% per year||3 year cap||Option to take up Nursing Home Loan||Option to further defer|
Yes, if they are a land-based asset in the Irish State.
|Principal Private Residence||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Farm/Relevant Business||Yes||Yes (but certain qualifying criteria)||Yes, if they are a land-based asset in the Irish State.||No|
In relation to income, the following deductions are allowed:
- Income tax, social insurance contributions and levies actually paid
- Where a person owns their principal residence, interest on loans for the purchase, repair or improvement of the principal residence
- Where a person rents their principal residence (i.e. is living in rented accommodation), rental payments in respect of the residence can be deducted where the person’s partner or a child aged under 21 of the couple lives in the residence
- Health expenses allowable for tax purposes, excluding contributions payable under Fair Deal
- Maintenance payments in respect of a child, spouse or former spouse made under a separation agreement or a court order
In the case of assets the net value of the asset is assessed, that is, its value minus any borrowings incurred specifically for the purchase or improvement of the asset.
Payment of your contribution
Public Nursing Home: You pay the assessed contribution to
Private Nursing Home: You pay the assessed contribution directly to the nursing home. The HSE pays the balance of the cost of care to the private nursing home.
Financial support will only be paid where a nursing home is identified as being appropriate to your needs.
There are safeguards built in to the Financial Assessment which ensure that:
- Nobody will pay more than the actual cost of care
- You will keep a personal allowance of 20% of your income or 20% of the maximum rate of the State Pension (Non-Contributory), whichever is more
- If you have a spouse or partner remaining at home, they will be left with 50% of the couple’s income or the maximum rate of the State Pension (Non-Contributory), whichever is more
Nursing Home Loan
Where your assets include land and property, the contribution based on these may be deferred until after your death. If you are approved for the Nursing Home Loan, the HSE will pay the money to the nursing home on your behalf and it will be collected after your death.
In certain circumstances the payment may be deferred for a longer period, for example, if a spouse or partner or your former carer is still living in your principal private residence.
You can apply for the Loan when you first apply for Fair Deal or at any stage while resident in the nursing home.
In order to apply for the Nursing Home Loan you must provide written consent to having a Charging Order registered against your asset. If you are part of a couple, your spouse/partner must also provide written consent.
The Charging Order is a simple type of mortgage which secures the money loaned by the HSE.
After you consent, the HSE is responsible for making the Charging Order, registering it against your asset and making Nursing Home Loan payments on your behalf. You will not need to do anything (although the HSE may need to check with you about the information in your application).
If a person does not have the capacity to consent to the Nursing Home Loan and the Charging Order, a Care Representative will need to be appointed to act on his/her behalf.
Read about repaying the Nursing Home Loan.
How to apply
There is no charge to apply for Fair Deal. You can fill out the application form yourself.
An application made on your behalf
If you are not able to make an application yourself because of illness, a physical disability or a mental condition, a Specified Person may apply for a Care Needs Assessment on your behalf. See ‘Further information’, below, for details of who can be a Specified Person.
A Specified Person can also apply for State Support on behalf of a person who has reduced ability to make decisions (reduced mental capacity).
For the Nursing Home Loan, only a court-appointed Care Representative can apply on behalf of someone else. See the Nursing Homes Support Scheme Information Booklet (pdf) for further information.
After you send in the application form
When the Care Needs and Financial Assessments have been completed, the HSE will write to you and inform you of your contribution to care, and your eligibility for State support and the Nursing Home Loan (if applicable).
At this stage you will also be provided with the list of nursing homes that are participating in the scheme. This list will include public nursing homes, voluntary nursing homes and approved private nursing homes.
You may choose any nursing home from the list subject to the following conditions:
- The home must have a place for you.
- The home must be able to cater for your particular needs. The nursing home will have to carry out an assessment to determine whether it can meet your particular needs.
Your choice of nursing home is not connected in any way to the level of your contribution to care.
Payment by the HSE
The date of payment of State support and ancillary State support (nursing home loan) will be paid either from the date that the application is approved, or date of admission to the nursing home, whichever is later.
The HSE is given a set level of funding for the scheme each year and applicants may be put on a national placement list until funding becomes available. If this is the case, the HSE will notify you when it writes to advise you whether you are eligible for financial support. You will subsequently be notified by the HSE when you have been approved for financial support under the scheme.
Paying your contribution
If you select a public or voluntary nursing home, you will pay your contribution to the HSE or voluntary nursing home each week and the State will pay the balance on your behalf.
Where to apply
The HSE has produced a Nursing Homes Support Scheme Information Booklet (pdf).
If you have any questions you can contact your local Nursing Homes Support Office or contact the HSE Infoline on Callsave 1850 24 1850 or on (041) 685 0300.
Appeals and reviews
Appeals: The HSE will inform you of the appeals process and give you details of your local Appeals Office when it writes to you to inform you of the outcome of your Care Needs and Financial Assessments.
If, for example, your Care Needs Assessment found that you did not need long-term nursing home care, you can appeal the decision to your local Appeals Office.
Reviews: Any Care Needs Assessment can be reviewed six months after a previous assessment or earlier if either:
• The HSE is satisfied that there has been a material change in your health or circumstances or
• A registered medical practitioner states that, in their opinion, there has been a material change in your health or circumstances since your most recent care needs assessment
Reviews are carried out by your local Nursing Home Support Office and you should contact them if you want to have your Care Needs or Financial Assessment reviewed.
Once the HSE has made a decision regarding the review, you will be notified of the decision and the reasons for the decision, in writing, within 10 working days.
Role of the Specified Person
Where a person may need care, and because of ill-health, a physical disability or a mental condition, is unable to make an application for a care needs assessment, a specified person may apply for a care needs assessment on their behalf.
Where a person has reduced ability to make decisions (that is, diminished mental capacity), the specified person may also make the application for State support on their behalf.
A specified person is:
A. If you are a ward of court, your Committee
B. A person appointed under a valid, registered enduring power of attorney who is not restricted from applying for the scheme
C. A Care Representative appointed under the Nursing Homes Support Scheme Act 2009
D. Your spouse or partner
E. A relative of yours who is 18 years of age or over
F. A ‘next friend’ appointed by a court
G. Your legal representative, or
H. A registered medical practitioner, nurse or social worker.
The people listed at A-C have first priority over those listed at D-H. This means that they have the right to act as a Specified Person ahead of the other categories. However, the people listed at A-C may consent in writing to a person with lesser priority acting as the specified person.
Where a person has reduced ability to make decisions and wishes to apply for the Nursing Home Loan, only the people listed at A-C above may make the application.