Death and bereavement during COVID-19
Ireland is currently at Level 5 of COVID-19 restrictions. Up to 10 mourners can attend a funeral. From 26 April 2021, up to 25 can attend a funeral. This change will depend on public health advice at that time. You should follow public health advice.
This document provides practical guidance on how the restrictions affect removal and funeral arrangements, and advice on dealing with the emotional and legal issues that often follow a bereavement.
Registering a death during COVID-19
Every death in Ireland must be recorded and registered at the General Register Office. A relative, spouse or civil partnership, or other qualified informant should register the death. You can read about who can be a qualified informant on gov.ie.
You should register a death as soon as possible, and no later than 3 months from the date of death. Usually the person registering the death needs to do this in person, however you can register the death by email during COVID-19.
You will not be charged a fee to register a death. However, there is a fee of €20 for a full standard death certificate.
If the cause of death is not related to COVID-19
If someone dies during COVID-19 but their death is not related to the virus, a registered medical practitioner (such as a doctor, nurse or paramedic) will complete and sign part 1 of the Death Notification Form (DNF). They will include (to the best of their knowledge) what they believe is the cause of death.
Next, they will give you (the deceased’s spouse, civil partner or relative) the partially-completed DNF. You must complete and sign part 2.
When you have completed the DNF, you can email it and a copy of your photo ID to email@example.com or your local Civil Registration Office. Alternatively, you can send these by post to your local Civil Registration Office or to the General Register Office (see ‘Further information and contacts below’).
If the cause of death is COVID-19
When someone dies as a result of COVID-19, the death should be reported to your local coroner's office. A doctor, nurse, paramedic, funeral director, person in charge of the mortuary, or Garda usually reports the person’s death to the coroner.
Usually, a post-mortem will not be needed. However, if it is unclear whether COVID-19 was the cause of death, a COVID-19 test may be carried out. You can proceed with funeral arrangements while awaiting the results.
The coroner will send a certificate to the General Register Office to register the death. You do not have to do anything else.
Funerals during COVID-19
Dealing with the loss of a loved one is different during COVID-19. Current restrictions on travel and social gatherings impacts many religious, cultural and family traditions – whether the person has died from COVID-19 or not.
Practical steps when arranging the funeral
You should contact your preferred funeral director as soon as you can. The HSE has issued clear guidance to all funeral directors (pdf) to ensure your loved one is handled safely and with care.
You should avoid direct contact with the funeral director, particularly if you have been in close contact with the deceased. Instead, try to arrange the funeral details over the phone or by email. If you find this too difficult, you can ask a family member to be your spokesperson.
Let people know that your loved one has died. Your funeral director can place a notice on rip.ie, and you may want to tell your local newspaper or radio station.
Do not include the funeral arrangements in the death notice. You can share this information privately with close family members (and anyone the deceased person was living with).
You should avoid using condolence books during this time. Instead, you can ask people to send condolences through social media, online websites, text or by letter.
If you wish, you can organise a memorial service for extended family and friends at a later date, when COVID-19 restrictions have been lifted.
You may feel mixed emotions at this time. It is important you look after your mental health while also following social distancing guidelines. You can contact organisations providing bereavement counselling services, or you may find comfort through phone calls, video calls and messages with friends.
You can read about Government guidance in the Department of Health’s Guide for the Bereaved.
If the deceased person had COVID-19
For your protection and the safety of others, the coffin will be kept closed if your loved one died from COVID-19, or was suspected of having COVID-19. In very rare circumstances, it may be opened for viewing (you can discuss this with your funeral director).
Other common practices – including embalming, washing of the body and kissing the deceased – are not recommended.
The Irish Hospice Foundation has more information on ‘Planning a funeral when your relative has died from COVID-19’ (pdf).
Social distancing on the day of the funeral
The Government adjusts public health measures based on its 'Plan for living with COVID-19’. The plan sets out 5 levels that correspond to the severity of COVID-19 in a location, an area or in the country.
Currently, up to 10 mourners can attend a funeral. From 26 April 2021, up to 25 can attend a funeral. This change depends on public health advice. You should continue to follow public health advice.
- Fewer people may be allowed to attend if the ceremony is in a small, enclosed space. Individual churches or funeral venues may have their own restrictions.
- You should keep at least 2 metres away from others.
- Anyone with symptoms of COVID-19 should be asked to stay at home, away from the funeral (even if they are a close family member).
- You should avoid shaking hands, hugging and kissing.
- Always wipe your eyes and nose with a tissue, and put the tissue in the bin when you’re finished. Do your best to practice good hand hygiene at all times.
While these restrictions may be upsetting for you and your loved ones, it is for your safety (and the protection of everyone else). A memorial service can be planned for a later date, when all COVID-19 restrictions have been lifted.
Financial assistance available
If you need financial support, you may be eligible for an Exceptional Needs Payment. This is a single payment to help with essential, once-off, exceptional costs (which you could not reasonably cover with your weekly income). This payment is means tested. This means you will have to give information about how much income you have, including savings and insurance policies that the deceased family member may have had to cover funeral costs.
How to apply for an Exceptional Needs Payment
Ideally, you should apply for funeral assistance before the funeral takes place. If not, you should apply as soon as possible afterwards.
You will need your Personal Public Service (PPS) numbers for yourself, your spouse, civil partner or cohabitant and your children.
You will also need evidence of any income or social welfare assistance you are getting (such as a bank statement).
Probate and letters of administration
You may have to apply to the Probate Office for a Grant of Representation. This gives you the authority to administer the deceased person’s estate. Where the deceased person left a will, the executor of the will applies for probate. If there is no will, the person managing the deceased person’s estate applies for a Letter of Administration.
You may decide to appoint a solicitor to assist you with this process.
If you decide to apply without the assistance of a solicitor, you have to make an appointment to attend the Probate Office in person.
Personal interviews are currently suspended while Level 5 restrictions are in place. You should expect a delay in getting an appointment when interviews start again.
You can read more about how to deal with a deceased person’s money and possessions.
There are a range of organisations that provide bereavement counselling services to anyone who has been recently bereaved. You might find these counselling services useful during this difficult time.
The Health Service Executive (HSE) has published detailed advice on how to deal with bereavement and loss during COVID-19. The HSE also provides advice on how to mind your mental health during the pandemic.
If you want to speak to someone about the loss of a loved one, the Irish Hospice Foundation has launched a free and confidential bereavement support line. It runs from 10am to 1pm, Monday to Friday.
You can free-phone 1800 80 70 77 to:
- Speak about your experience
- Ask questions about the death of someone
- Have someone listen to what you’re going through
- Get emotional support
- Get information about practical supports
The Irish Hospice Foundation has also launched a 'Care & Inform' information hub where you can find support and advice on matters related to death and bereavement.
If you are experiencing financial difficulties following a bereavement, there are supports such as the Money Advice and Budgeting Service (MABS) available to help. MABS is a free, confidential service staffed by trained money advisors who can provide advice and assistance during this difficult time.