The penalty points system for driving offences was introduced in 2002. In 2006, fixed charge fines for motorists guilty of driving offences were also introduced. The law governing penalty points is the Road Traffic Act 2002. A penalty point is essentially a formal reprimand by the Gardai endorsed on your driving licence that shows you are guilty of a specified driving offence.
The aim of penalty points is to influence and improve driver behaviour and address the unacceptable levels of death and serious injury on our roads. Penalty point systems also operate in other countries. International experience has demonstrated the penalty points system has proven successful in reducing the number of road deaths in those countries.
While penalty points are endorsed on your driving licence, the points do not physically appear on the licence. Instead, your penalty points are recorded on your driving licence record. Driving licence records are held on the National Vehicle and Driver File operated by the Department of Transport, Tourism and Sport.
On 1 August 2014, there was an increase in the number of penalty points for some driving offences (pdf). Also the disqualification threshold was reduced from 12 to 7 penalty points for those who obtain their first learner permit on or after 1 August 2014 and subsequently during the first 2 years while they drive under their first driving licence.
On 8 December 2014, there were more changes introduced – 14 new penalty point offences, 9 offences had their existing level of points increased and 2 offences had procedural changes so that points can be applied without a court conviction.
Penalty point offences are recorded on your driving licence licence if:
No driver is allowed drive a vehicle while holding 12 current penalty points on their driving licence. Any driver that receives 12 penalty points in any 3 year period, is automatically faced with a 6-month disqualification from driving. The disqualification threshold is reduced to 7 penalty points for those who obtain their first learner permit on or after 1 August 2014 and subsequently during the first 2 years while they drive under their first driving licence.)
Yes. Penalty points apply to both learner permits and full Irish driving
licences. Penalty points also apply to drivers with foreign driving licences
driving in Ireland. If someone is driving in Ireland on a foreign licence, a
record is created for the purpose of recording penalty points. Where the driver
accumulates 12 penalty points in a 3-year period they are disqualified from
driving in Ireland.
A Convention of Driving Disqualification was adopted by EU Member States in 1998. Ireland's Road Traffic Act 2002 provides a framework for implementing the Convention. Section 9 is designed to facilitate the entry into force of the framework for bilateral co-operation with other EU Member States in applying driving disqualifications for a number of serious road traffic offences committed in another Member State.
Mutual recognition of penalty points between the UK, Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man already exists. The North South Ministerial Council are examining the recognition of penalty points between Northern Ireland and Ireland.
No. If you have committed a driving offence that incurs penalty points you receive a written notification from the Road Safety Authority (RSA) informing you of the fact that the appropriate number of penalty points are being added to your driving licence. This notice includes details of your name, address, date time and location of the driving offence concerned and confirmation of the fact that you either paid the fixed charge for the offence or were convicted in the court of such offence. The notice also contains a date on which the notice was issued to you. This is the important date as the points are only added to your licence 28 days after this date.
When someone has been issued with a fixed-charge notice by the Gardai for a driving offence that incurs penalty points and pays that fine within 56 days, the Gardai notify the Department of Transport, Tourism and Sport (DTTAS) of that fact. The DTTAS then, on behalf of the RSA, issue to the person a notification of the fact that the appropriate number of penalty points are to be added to their driving licence 28 days after the issue of such notification. Similarly, if someone fails to pay the fixed-charge fine within 56 days the Gardai serve a summons on you to appear in the District Court to answer the alleged driving offence.
If you are subsequently convicted of the driving offence in court, the District Court notify the DTTAS of that conviction and of the number of penalty points attaching to that conviction. The DTTAS then, on behalf of the RSA, issue to you a notification of the fact that the appropriate number of penalty points are to be added to your driving licence 28 days after the date of the issue of such notification.
All penalty points added to your driving licence whether by way of payment of the fixed charge notice or by way of conviction in the courts are recorded on the National Driver File. This enables insurance companies to have access to penalty point information held on a driver record. Penalty points are not physically recorded on your licence. They are recorded on your driving licence record which is held on the National Vehicle and Driver File operated by the DTTAS.
Information on fixed-charge notices and fines is available in our document on driving offences.
Penalty points have a three-year lifespan. That means they remain on your current driving licence for a period of 3 years from the start date (effective date). Any period where your licence is out of date won't count as part of the 3 years. Where you accumulate 12 points and are disqualified for a period of six months, the points which led to the disqualification are removed at the end of the 6 months.
I received 2 penalty points for a driving offence in June 2010. My driving licence expired in September 2012 but I only renewed it in January 2013. If I had renewed my licence immediately, the points would have stayed on my licence until June 2013. However, the three months during which my licence was expired don't count towards the three year of the penalty points. This means the penalty points remained on my licence until September 2013.
If you are disqualified from driving for a period of six months as a result of accumulating 12 or more points, the number of points standing endorsed on your licence on the date you are disqualified (i.e. 28 days after the date of issue of written notification from the Department of Transport, Tourism and Sport) are removed from your licence at the end of the six months. This means that if you receive any additional penalty points during the six month disqualification period these points are then added to your driving licence when the disqualification is lifted and your driving licence returned.
If you have been notified by the Department of Transport, Tourism and Sport
that you have been disqualified from driving by virtue of the fact that you
have accumulated 12 penalty points or more you are obliged to surrender your
driving licence to the National Driver Licence Service for the period of six
In cases where the driving offence was detected by camera, the fixed charge
notice is sent to the registered owner of the vehicle. If the registered owner
was not driving at the time of the offence they should complete the form
attached to the notice, giving details of the person who was driving. This
should then be returned to the relevant Garda Station with the original fixed
charge notice. (Do not enclose payment). The Gardaí then
issue a fixed charge notice to the driver.
The Road Traffic Act 2002, as amended, legislates for the motoring offences that can incur penalty points. However, not all have been implemented. Since 8 December 2014, there are 62 driving offences that result in penalty points. View the list of penalty point motoring offences (pdf).
The following are some examples of how penalty points and fines are awarded.
To find out how many penalty points are on your driving licence record, contact the Road Safety Authority at 1890 41 61 41 and quote your driving licence number.
If you have a question relating to this topic you can contact the Citizens Information Phone Service on 0761 07 4000 (Monday to Friday, 9am to 8pm) or you can visit your local Citizens Information Centre.