Right to vote in Ireland
If you have applied and been approved for Irish citizenship, you have the right to vote in all referenda and elections in Ireland. In order however to exercise that right, you must ensure that your name has been entered on the Electoral Register.
If you are resident in Ireland but not an Irish citizen, you also have the right to vote in some of the elections.
The Electoral Register
Every local authority is responsible for compiling and publishing a list of voters in its area. This is called the Register of Electors or the Electoral Register. Anyone can inspect this Register and it is available in all local authority offices, post offices, Garda stations and public libraries. You can check the Electoral Register online here.
The published Register contains the voter's name, address, polling station and category of voter. For inclusion in the Register of Electors you must complete application form RFA which is available from your local authority, to whom it must be returned.
A new Electoral Register is compiled each year and is published on 1 November. Resident Irish citizens are entitled to vote at all elections. Resident British citizens can vote in local, European and Dáil elections and are identified by the letter 'D' in their details in the Register. Resident EU citizens can only vote in local and European elections and are identified by the letter 'E'. Those identified by the letter 'L' (non-EU citizens) can only vote at local elections.
Correcting your details in the draft Register
A draft register is compiled on 1 November each year. You have until 25 November to make a correction or have your name included. You must fill in form RFA1 for the draft Register. You may be asked for documents such as a birth certificate or a certificate of naturalisation in order to prove your eligibility to vote. If you are applying because you have moved to a new address, you should include this information and your former address so that you can be removed from the register for that area. The amended register is then published in February.
Supplement to the Register
If you are qualified to vote but have missed the deadline to include your name on the register, you can apply to be included in a Supplement to the Register on form RFA2. This will allow you to vote at any election or referendum held during the year. You can apply for inclusion on the Supplemental Register at least 15 days before polling day (Sundays, public holidays and Good Friday are not counted as days for this purpose).
You are eligible for inclusion in the supplement to the Register of Electors on or after the day on which you reach 18 years of age. You can be included if this birthday falls after the closing date for applications but is on or before polling day.
You can apply for inclusion on the supplement as a result of changing
address on form RFA3.
This will also remove you from the register for your previous address.
Who can vote in elections and referenda?
You must be at least 18 years of age on 15 February, the day the Register comes into force. You must also have been ordinarily resident in the State on 1 September in the year before the Register comes into force.
While you may be entitled to register as a voter due to your residency, there may be a limit on the types of elections in which you can vote. The registration authority will need to know your citizenship because this will determine the elections at which you may vote.
The right to vote is as follows:
- Irish citizens may vote at every election and referendum;
- British citizens may vote at Dáil elections, European elections and local elections;
- Other European Union (EU) citizens may vote at European and local elections*
- Non-EU citizens may vote at local elections only.
*If you are an EU citizen, other than an Irish or British citizen, and you were not registered to vote in previous European elections in Ireland, you must also complete a declaration, Form EP1 (pdf), to guard against double voting in the election. The local council will register you to vote in your local constituency and send the information in your declaration to your home EU Member State. You can also get the form from your local authority.
You must be registered at one address only and you must live at that address on 1 September before the register comes into force. If you live away from the address at which you are registered, (for example, if you are a student living away from home), you will need to contact the registration authority and give them your new address.
If you leave your address but you plan to return there within 18 months, you can continue to be registered there, as long you do not register at any other address.
If you are an Irish citizen living abroad you cannot be entered on the register of electors. This means that you cannot vote in an election or referendum here in Ireland. (The only exception to this is in the case of Irish officials on duty abroad (and their spouses) who may register on the postal voters list).
Postal and special voters lists
Postal voters list
You will normally be required to vote in person at an official voting centre, however, you may be eligible for a postal vote if you are:
- An Irish diplomat posted abroad, or their spouse or civil partner who is abroad with them
- A member of the Garda Síochána
- A whole-time member of the Defence Forces
You may also be eligible for a postal vote if you cannot go to a polling station because:
- You have a physical illness or disability
- You are studying full time at an educational institution in Ireland, which is away from your home address where you are registered
- You are unable to vote at your polling station because of your occupation, service or employment
- You are unable to vote at your polling station because you are in prison as a result of an order of a court
Applications for inclusion on the list of postal voters must be received by 25 November at the latest.
If you are registered as a postal voter, you may vote by post only. You may not vote at a polling station.
Special voters list
You may also qualify to be on a list of special voters who live in hospitals, nursing homes or similar institutions and who wish to vote at these locations. Applications to be entered on the special voters list must be made by 25 November and, in the case of a first application, must be accompanied by a medical certificate.
Supplements to special and postal voters lists
If you are eligible for the postal voters list or the special voters list but are not included, you can apply for inclusion in the relevant supplement to the lists. The latest date for receipt of applications is two days after the date of dissolution of the Dáil in the case of a general election or two days after the order appointing polling day for other elections or referenda. You can find out more in our document on registering to vote.
How to apply
Application forms for inclusion on the Electoral Register, Special Voters List, Postal Voters List and Correction of the draft electoral register are available from all local authorities, post offices and public libraries. Forms are also available on checktheregister.ie. Completed forms must be returned to your local authority.
You should contact your local authority for application forms for inclusion on the Supplement to the Postal Voters List or the Supplement to the Special Voters List.
If you have questions about your right to vote, contact the Franchise Section of your local authority.