Victims of crime


If you are a victim of crime, you may come into contact with the Gardai, the courts, the Prison Service, the Probation Service, the coroner and the State Prosecution Service.

Each of those government agencies must provide a service to support and protect you as a victim of crime.

There is also a support service for victims of crime and a number of laws that protect the interests of victims.

Victims' Directive

On 16 November 2015 Directive 2012/29/EU establishing minimum standards on the rights, support and protection of victims of crime (known as the Victims’ Directive) came into force. The aim of the Directive is to ensure that victims of crime receive appropriate information, support and protection and are able to participate in criminal proceedings.

It provides for information to be given to victims from first contact with the criminal justice agencies and for much additional information to be given in the course of the investigation and court process if the victim opts to receive that information. It also provides among other things that victims of crime are able to:

  • Receive an individual assessment to identify their specific protection needs
  • Access victim support services
  • Access protection
  • Enjoy safeguards in the context of restorative justice services
  • Enjoy privacy in the context of the criminal proceedings

A guide to the Victims’ Directive (pdf) is available on the JUSTICIA European Rights Network website.

Further information on the rights of victims is available on the European Commission website.

Page edited: 1 December 2015