Transition Year (TY) is a one-year school-based programme between Junior Cycle and Senior Cycle. It is designed to act as a bridge between the two by facilitating the smooth transition from the more dependent learning of the Junior Cycle to the more independent self-directed learning required for the Senior Cycle
All second-level schools have the option of offering the Transition Year programme to their students and most of them do offer it. The Transition Year programme follows the Junior Cycle and is generally seen as the first year of a three-year Senior Cycle programme. However, Transition Year is not in fact the first year of the Leaving Certificate programme, which is a two-year cycle.
Aims of the Transition Year programme
The Transition Year offers students an opportunity:
- To engage in independent, self-directed learning,
- To develop general, technical and academic skills
- To mature and develop without the pressure of an examination.
You can read the Transition Year programmes: guidelines for schools on the website of the Department of Education and Skills.
The Professional Development Service for Teachers (PDST) has a section on their website dedicated to providing detailed information on the Transition Year.
Areas of study in Transition Year
Areas of study may include:
- Environmental studies
- Physical education (PE)
- Work experience
- Mental health matters
You can find more information about the TY curriculum on the PDST website.
Teachers have the chance to design programmes and courses tailored to the needs and interests of students. Parents, the community and local enterprise can bring new kinds of learning opportunities to the students.
Students get the opportunity to sample a wide range of subject areas and can make more informed choices about the kind of Leaving Certificate programme they want to follow after the Transition Year. Transition Year is optional and admission criteria vary from school to school.
Parental involvement in the Transition Year
When drawing up the Transition Year programme, schools are encouraged to involve parents in the decision-making process and in the planning. To assist in the decision-making process, most schools arrange sessions for parents of third-year students to discuss the Transition Year programme, while a specifically designed 'Student Introduction to Transition Year' seminar can be run for the Junior Cycle students themselves. Some parents make their expertise available to the school during the Transition Year as visiting speakers, others may assist in the Work Experience Programme while all parents are invited to contribute to the evaluation of the programme. You can find further information in this list of frequently asked questions on the Transition Year Programme.
Assessment and certification
There is no end-of-year state examination in the Transition Year - a decision made by the Department of Education and Skills to ensure that the focus of the year was learning-led rather than exam-driven. The activity-based learning ethos of the year requires each school to engage in school-based assessment, which helps students to identify their own strengths and weaknesses, as well as develop the skills of self-assessment and reflection. Assessment is ongoing, with portfolio assessment, project work, and exhibitions of students' work. Oral aural, practical and written activities all form part of this assessment process. Since 2000, the Department has issued an official Transition Year Certificate to participants in addition to schools providing their own school-based certification.