Elder abuse

Introduction

Elder abuse is the abuse of someone aged 65 or over and it happens in a relationship where there is an expectation of trust. It is a single or repeated act, or a lack of action, that causes harm or distress to the older person or that violates their human and civil rights.

Abuse can take place in any situation. It may occur when an older person lives alone or with a relative. It may also happen in residential or day-care settings, in hospitals, home support services and other places assumed to be safe, or in public places.

Types of abuse

There are different types of elder abuse. They may be carried out deliberately, or through negligence (not doing what it is your duty to do) or ignorance (not knowing something you should know). An older person may experience more than one form of abuse at any given time.

Forms of abuse include:

Psychological abuse: this includes emotional abuse, threats of harm or abandonment, deprivation of contact (taking away or preventing all contact), humiliation, blaming, controlling, intimidation, coercion, harassment, verbal abuse, isolation or withdrawal from services or supportive networks

Physical abuse: this includes slapping, pushing, hitting, kicking, misuse of medication, inappropriate restraint (including physical and chemical restraint) or sanctions

Financial or material abuse: this includes theft, fraud, exploitation, pressure in connection with wills, property or inheritance, or financial transactions, or the misuse or misappropriation of property, possessions or benefits

Neglect: this includes self-neglect and acts of omission including ignoring medical or physical care needs, the withholding of the necessities of life, such as medication, adequate nutrition and heating

Discriminatory abuse: this includes ageism, racism, sexism, that based on a person’s disability, and other forms of harassment, slurs or similar treatment

Institutional abuse: this may occur within residential care, nursing homes, acute hospitals and any other in-patient settings, and may involve poor standards of care, rigid routines and inadequate responses to complex needs

Sexual abuse: this may include rape and sexual assault or sexual acts to which the older adult has not consented, or could not consent, or into which they were forced to consent

You can get information on the various forms of elder abuse, and how to recognise the signs of abuse, on hse.ie.

Reporting a concern

The HSE has Safeguarding and Protection Teams in place in every region of the country.

If you suspect someone you know may be a victim of abuse, or if you are a victim of elder abuse yourself, you should contact your local health centre, your GP, public health nurse or the Garda Síochana.

You can also contact the HSE Information Line on 1850 24 1850.

In an emergency, where a person is at immediate risk, you should contact the Garda Síochana or Emergency Services on 999 or 112.

Further information

The HSE has information on what you can do to protect yourself or someone else you are concerned about.

The HSE has also produced a series of short films called ‘Open Your Eyes to Elder Abuse in Your Community’ that you can watch online and a booklet (pdf) on elder abuse.

Keepcontrol.ie is an education and information campaign run by the HSE to empower older people to recognise the signs of elder financial abuse and to take responsibility for their own protection by keeping control of their affairs.

The National Centre for the Protection of Older People has published various national and international research reports and studies into elder abuse.

The National Safeguarding Committee (NSC) was established by the HSE to tackle the issue of elder abuse. Visit the NSC website for more information on its policies and publications.

You can get more information from the HSE Information line (see below).

Health Service Executive

Information Line

Opening Hours:Monday to Saturday, 8am-8pm
Tel:(041) 685 0300
Locall:Call Save 1850 24 1850
Email: infoline1@hse.ie

Page edited: 15 June 2018