Fertility services and cohabiting couples
There are a number of different types of fertility services available, including artificial insemination and in vitro fertilisation. Part 3 of the Children and Family Relationships Act 2015 legislates for donor-assisted human reproduction, but has not yet been commenced. Medical practice concerning the provision of Assisted Human Reproduction Services is governed by guidelines issued by the Irish Medical Council (pdf).
Fertility services are generally available to applicants who are in a "stable relationship". This is understood to mean married and cohabiting opposite-sex couples. Clinics generally refuse to make assisted reproduction available to cohabiting same-sex couples. It has not yet been decided by an Irish court whether this refusal amounts to discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation under the Equal Status Act 2000 or the Equality Act 2004.